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time, therefore, they water their gardens. As the afternoon advances
the coldness goes off, till, about sunset, the water is once more
lukewarm; still the heat increases, and at midnight it boils
furiously. After this time it again begins to cool, and grows less and
less hot till morning comes. This spring is called "the Fountain of
the Sun."
Next to the Ammonians, at the distance of ten days' journey
along the ridge of sand, there is a second salt-hill like the
Ammonian, and a second spring. The country round is inhabited, and the
place bears the name of Augila. Hither it is that the Nasamonians come
to gather in the dates.
Ten days' journey from Augila there is again a salt-hill and a
spring; palms of the fruitful kind grow here abundantly, as they do
also at the other salt-hills. This region is inhabited by a nation
called the Garamantians, a very powerful people, who cover the salt
with mould, and then sow their crops. From thence is the shortest road
to the Lutophagi, a journey of thirty days. In the Garamantian country
are found the oxen which, as they graze, walk backwards. This they
do because their horns curve outwards in front of their heads, so that
it is not possible for them when grazing to move forwards, since in
that case their horns would become fixed in the ground. Only herein do
they differ from other oxen, and further in the thickness and hardness
of their hides. The Garamantians have four-horse chariots, in which
they chase the Troglodyte Ethiopians, who of all the nations whereof
any account has reached our ears are by far the swiftest of foot.
The Troglodytes feed on serpents, lizards, and other similar reptiles.
Their language is unlike that of any other people; it sounds like
the screeching of bats.
At the distance of ten days' journey from the Garamantians there
is again another salt-hill and spring of water; around which dwell a
people, called the Atarantians, who alone of all known nations are
destitute of names. The title of Atarantians is borne by the whole
race in common; but the men have no particular names of their own. The
Atarantians, when the sun rises high in the heaven, curse him, and
load him with reproaches, because (they say) he burns and wastes
both their country and themselves. Once more at the distance of ten
days' there is a salt-hill, a spring, and an inhabited tract. Near the
salt is a mountain called Atlas, very taper and round; so lofty,
moreover, that the top (it is said) cannot be seen, the clouds never
quitting it either summer or winter. The natives call this mountain
"the Pillar of Heaven"; and they themselves take their name from it,
being called Atlantes. They are reported not to eat any living
thing, and never to have any dreams.
As far as the Atlantes the names of the nations inhabiting the
sandy ridge are known to me; but beyond them my knowledge fails. The
ridge itself extends as far as the Pillars of Hercules, and even
further than these; and throughout the whole distance, at the end of
every ten days' there is a salt-mine, with people dwelling round it
who all of them build their houses with blocks of the salt. No rain
falls in these parts of Libya; if it were otherwise, the walls of
these houses could not stand. The salt quarried is of two colours,
white and purple. Beyond the ridge, southwards, in the direction of
the interior, the country is a desert, with no springs, no beasts,
no rain, no wood, and altogether destitute of moisture.
Thus from Egypt as far as Lake Tritonis Libya is inhabited by
wandering tribes, whose drink is milk and their food the flesh of
animals. Cow's flesh, however, none of these tribes ever taste, but
abstain from it for the same reason as the Egyptians, neither do
they any of them breed swine. Even at Cyrene, the women think it wrong
to eat the flesh of the cow, honouring in this Isis, the Egyptian
goddess, whom they worship both with fasts and festivals. The Barcaean
women abstain, not from cow's flesh only, but also from the flesh of
swine.
West of Lake Tritonis the Libyans are no longer wanderers, nor

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