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Of The Epidemics   



but in some instances after having lost their speech for a long

time, and having had copious sweats. These were the symptoms which

marked the fatal cases of ardent fever; similar symptoms occurred in

the phrenitic cases; but these were particularly free from thirst, and

none of these had wild delirium as in other cases, but they died

oppressed by a bad tendency to sleep, and stupor.

7. But there were also other fevers, as will be described. Many

had their mouths affected with aphthous ulcerations. There were also

many defluxions about the genital parts, and ulcerations, boils

(phymata), externally and internally, about the groins. Watery

ophthalmies of a chronic character, with pains; fungous excrescences

of the eyelids, externally and internally, called fig, which destroyed

the sight of many persons. There were fungous growths, in many other

instances, on ulcers, especially on those seated on the genital

organs. There were many attacks of carbuncle (anthrax) through the

summer, and other affections, which are called "the putrefaction"

(seps); also large ecthymata, and large tetters (herpetes) in many

instances.

8. And many and serious complaints attacked many persons in the

region of the belly. In the first place, tenesmus, accompanied with

pain, attacked many, but more especially children, and all who had not

attained to puberty; and the most of these died. There were many cases

of lientery and of dysentery; but these were not attended with much

pain. The evacuations were bilious, and fatty, and thin, and watery;

in many instances the disease terminated in this way, with and without

fever; there were painful tormina and volvuli of a malignant kind;

copious evacuations of the contents of the guts, and yet much remained

behind; and the passages did not carry off the pains, but yielded with

difficulty to the means administered; for in most cases purgings

were hurtful to those affected in this manner; many died speedily, but

in many others they held out longer. In a word, all died, both those

who had acute attacks and those who had chronic, most especially

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