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Of The Epidemics   



most of them, died; and of those confined to bed, I do not know if a

single individual survived for any considerable time; they died more

suddenly than is common in such cases. But other diseases, of a

protracted character, and attended with fever, were well supported,

and did not prove fatal: of these we will give a description

afterwards. Consumption was the most considerable of the diseases

which then prevailed, and the only one which proved fatal to many

persons. Most of them were affected by these diseases in the following

manner: fevers accompanied with rigors, of the continual type,

acute, having no complete intermissions, but of the form of the

semi-tertians, being milder the one day, and the next having an

exacerbation, and increasing in violence; constant sweats, but not

diffused over the whole body; extremities very cold, and warmed with

difficulty; bowels disordered, with bilious, scanty, unmixed, thin,

pungent, and frequent dejections. The urine was thin, colorless,

unconcocted, or thick, with a deficient sediment, not settling

favorably, but casting down a crude and unseasonable sediment. Sputa

small, dense, concocted, but brought up rarely and with difficulty;

and in those who encountered the most violent symptoms there was no

concoction at all, but they continued throughout spitting crude

matters. Their fauces, in most of them, were painful from first to

last, having redness with inflammation; defluxions thin, small and

acrid; they were soon wasted and became worse, having no appetite

for any kind of food throughout; no thirst; most persons delirious

when near death. So much concerning the phthisical affections.

3. In the course of the summer and autumn many fevers of the

continual type, but not violent; they attacked persons who had been

long indisposed, but who were otherwise not in an uncomfortable state.

In most cases the bowels were disordered in a very moderate degree,

and they did not suffer thereby in any manner worth mentioning; the

urine was generally well colored, clear, thin, and after a time

becoming concocted near the crisis. They had not much cough, nor it

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