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On Ulcers   


If you wish to use a liquid application, the medicine called caricum
may be rubbed in, and the bandages may be applied as formerly described
upon the same principle. The medicine is prepared of the following
ingredients:-Of black hellebore, of sandarach, of the flakes of copper,
of lead washed, with much sulphur, arsenic, and cantharides. This
may be compounded so as may be judged most proper, and it is to be
diluted with oil of juniper. When enough has been rubbed in, lay aside
the medicine, and apply boiled wakerobin in a soft state, either rubbing
it in dry, or moistening it with honey. But if you use the caricum
in a dry state, you must abstain from these things, and sprinkle the
medicine on the sore. The powder from hellebore and sandarach alone
answers. Another liquid medicine:-The herb, the leaf of which resembles
the arum (wakerobin) in nature, but is white, downy, of the size of
the ivy-leaf: this herb is applied with wine, or the substance which
forms upon the branches of the ilex, when pounded with wine, is to
be applied. Another:-The juice of the grape, the strongest vinegar,
the flower of copper, natron, the juice of the wild fig-tree. Alum,
the most finely levigated, is to be put into the juice of the wild
grape, and it is to be put into a red bronze mortar and stirred in
the sun, and removed when it appears to have attained proper consistence.


These are other powders:-Black hellebore, as finely levigated as possible,
is to be sprinkled on the sore while any humidity remains about it,
and while it continues to spread. The bandaging is the same as when
plasters are used. Another, in like manner:-The driest lumps of salt
are to be put into a copper, or earthen pot, of equal size, as much
as possible, and not large, and the finest honey, of double the size
of the salt, as far as can be guessed, is to be poured upon the lumps
of salt, then the vessel is to be put upon coals and allowed to sit
there until the whole is consumed. Then, having sponged the ulcer
and cleansed it, bandage it as before, and compress it a little more.
Next day, wherever the medicine has not been taken in, sprinkle it
on, press it down, and bandage. But when you wish to remove the medicine,
pour in hot vinegar until it separate, and again do the same things,
sponging it away, if necessary. Another corrosive powder:-Of the most
finely-levigated misy, sprinkle upon the moist and gangrenous parts,
and a little of the flower of copper, not altogether levigated. Another
powder equally corrosive:-Having sponged the ulcer, burn the most
greasy wool upon a shell placed on the fire until the whole be consumed;
having reduced this to a fine powder, and sprinkled it on the sore,
apply the bandage in the same manner. Another powder for the same
ulcers:-The black chamaeleon, when prepared with the juice of the
fig. It is to be prepared roasted, and alkanet mixed with it. Or,
pimpernel, and Egyptian alum roasted, and sprinkle on them the Orchomenian
powder. For spreading ulcers:-Alum, both the Egyptian roasted, and
the Melian; but the part is to be first cleansed with roasted natron
and sponged; and the species of alum called chalcitis roasted. It
is to be roasted until it catch fire.


For old ulcers which occur on the fore part of the legs; they become
bloody and black:-Having pounded the flower of the melilot and mixed
it with honey, use as a plaster. For nerves (tendons?) which have
been cut asunder:-Having pounded, sifted, and mixed with oil the roots
of the wild myrtle, bind on the part; and the herb cinquefoil (it
is white and downy, and more raised above the ground than the black
cinquefoil), having pounded this herb in oil bind it on the part,
and then remove it on the third day.

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