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parmenides   


report of him, said, that he himself and Aristoteles and the whole

company entreated Parmenides to give an example of the process. I

cannot refuse, said Parmenides; and yet I feel rather like Ibycus,

who, when in his old age, against his will, he fell in love,

compared himself to an old racehorse, who was about to run in a

chariot race, shaking with fear at the course he knew so well-this was

his simile of himself. And I also experience a trembling when I

remember through what an ocean of words I have to wade at my time of

life. But I must indulge you, as Zeno says that I ought, and we are

alone. Where shall I begin? And what shall be our first hypothesis, if

I am to attempt this laborious pastime? Shall I begin with myself, and

take my own hypothesis the one? and consider the consequences which

follow on the supposition either of the being or of the not being of

one?

By all means, said Zeno.

And who will answer me? he said. Shall I propose the youngest? He

will not make difficulties and will be the most likely to say what

he thinks; and his answers will give me time to breathe.

I am the one whom you mean, Parmenides, said Aristoteles; for I am

the youngest and at your service. Ask, and I will answer.

Parmenides proceeded: If one is, he said, the one cannot be many?

Impossible.

Then the one cannot have parts, and cannot be a whole?

Why not?

Because every part is part of a whole; is it not?

Yes.

And what is a whole? would not that of which no part is wanting be a

whole?

Certainly.

Then, in either case, the one would be made up of parts; both as

being a whole, and also as having parts?

To be sure.

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