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phaedo   


your courage, he said, in reminding us of this. But you do not observe

that there is a difference in the two cases. For then we were speaking

of opposites in the concrete, and now of the essential opposite which,

as is affirmed, neither in us nor in nature can ever be at variance

with itself: then, my friend, we were speaking of things in which

opposites are inherent and which are called after them, but now

about the opposites which are inherent in them and which give their

name to them; these essential opposites will never, as we maintain,

admit of generation into or out of one another. At the same time,

turning to Cebes, he said: Were you at all disconcerted, Cebes, at our

friend's objection?

That was not my feeling, said Cebes; and yet I cannot deny that I am

apt to be disconcerted.

Then we are agreed after all, said Socrates, that the opposite

will never in any case be opposed to itself?

To that we are quite agreed, he replied.

Yet once more let me ask you to consider the question from another

point of view, and see whether you agree with me: There is a thing

which you term heat, and another thing which you term cold?

Certainly.

But are they the same as fire and snow?

Most assuredly not.

Heat is not the same as fire, nor is cold the same as snow?

No.

And yet you will surely admit that when snow, as before said, is

under the influence of heat, they will not remain snow and heat; but

at the advance of the heat the snow will either retire or perish?

Very true, he replied.

And the fire too at the advance of the cold will either retire or

perish; and when the fire is under the influence of the cold, they

will not remain, as before, fire and cold.

That is true, he said.

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