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phaedo   


imperishable, the soul when attacked by death cannot perish; for the

preceding argument shows that the soul will not admit of death, or

ever be dead, any more than three or the odd number will admit of

the even, or fire or the heat in the fire, of the cold. Yet a person

may say: "But although the odd will not become even at the approach of

the even, why may not the odd perish and the even take the place of

the odd?" Now to him who makes this objection, we cannot answer that

the odd principle is imperishable; for this has not been acknowledged,

but if this had been acknowledged, there would have been no difficulty

in contending that at the approach of the even the odd principle and

the number three took up their departure; and the same argument

would have held good of fire and heat and any other thing.

Very true.

And the same may be said of the immortal: if the immortal is also

imperishable, then the soul will be imperishable as well as

immortal; but if not, some other proof of her imperishableness will

have to be given.

No other proof is needed, he said; for if the immortal, being

eternal, is liable to perish, then nothing is imperishable.

Yes, replied Socrates, all men will agree that God, and the

essential form of life, and the immortal in general, will never

perish.

Yes, all men, he said-that is true; and what is more, gods, if I

am not mistaken, as well as men.

Seeing then that the immortal is indestructible, must not the

soul, if she is immortal, be also imperishable?

Most certainly.

Then when death attacks a man, the mortal portion of him may be

supposed to die, but the immortal goes out of the way of death and

is preserved safe and sound?

True.

Then, Cebes, beyond question the soul is immortal and

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