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phaedrus   



Byzantian word-maker also speaks, if I am not mistaken, of

confirmation and further confirmation.

Phaedr. You mean the excellent Theodorus.

Soc. Yes; and he tells how refutation or further refutation is to be

managed, whether in accusation or defence. I ought also to mention the

illustrious Parian, Evenus, who first invented insinuations and

indirect praises; and also indirect censures, which according to

some he put into verse to help the memory. But shall I "to dumb

forgetfulness consign" Tisias and Gorgias, who are not ignorant that

probability is superior to truth, and who by: force of argument make

the little appear great and the great little, disguise the new in

old fashions and the old in new fashions, and have discovered forms

for everything, either short or going on to infinity. I remember

Prodicus laughing when I told him of this; he said that he had himself

discovered the true rule of art, which was to be neither long nor

short, but of a convenient length.

Phaedr. Well done, Prodicus!

Soc. Then there is Hippias the Elean stranger, who probably agrees

with him.

Phaedr. Yes.

Soc. And there is also Polus, who has treasuries of diplasiology,

and gnomology, and eikonology, and who teaches in them the names of

which Licymnius made him a present; they were to give a polish.

Phaedr. Had not Protagoras something of the same sort?

Soc. Yes, rules of correct diction and many other fine precepts; for

the "sorrows of a poor old man," or any other pathetic case, no one is

better than the Chalcedonian giant; he can put a whole company of

people into a passion and out of one again by his mighty magic, and is

first-rate at inventing or disposing of any sort of calumny on any

grounds or none. All of them agree in asserting that a speech should

end in a recapitulation, though they do not all agree to use the

same word.

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