republic (books 6 - 10)
Let him then be set over against democracy; he may truly
be called the democratic man.
Let that be his place, he said.
Last of all comes the most beautiful of all, man and State
alike, tyranny and the tyrant; these we have now to consider.
Quite true, he said.
Say then, my friend, in what manner does tyranny arise?
--that it has a democratic origin is evident.
And does not tyranny spring from democracy in the same
manner as democracy from oligarchy--I mean, after a sort?
The good which oligarchy proposed to itself and the means
by which it was maintained was excess of wealth--am I not
And the insatiable desire of wealth and the neglect of all
other things for the sake of money-getting were also the ruin
And democracy has her own good, of which the insatiable
desire brings her to dissolution?
Freedom, I replied; which, as they tell you in a democracy,
is the glory of the State--and that therefore in a democracy
alone will the freeman of nature deign to dwell.
Yes; the saying is in everybody's mouth.
I was going to observe, that the insatiable desire of this
and the neglect of other things introduce the change in democ-
racy, which occasions a demand for tyranny.
When a democracy which is thirsting for freedom has evil
cup-bearers presiding over the feast, and has drunk too deeply
of the strong wine of freedom, then, unless her rulers are very
amenable and give a plentiful draught, she calls them to ac-
count and punishes them, and says that they are cursed oli-
Yes, he replied, a very common occurrence.
Yes, I said; and loyal citizens are insultingly termed by
her "slaves" who hug their chains, and men of naught; she
would have subjects who are like rulers, and rulers who are