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and the other the rearing of land herds?
Y. Soc. Yes.
Str. There is surely no need to ask which of these two contains
the royal art, for it is evident to everybody.
Y. Soc. Certainly.
Str. Any one can divide the herds which feed on dry land?
Y. Soc. How would you divide them?
Str. I should distinguish between those which fly and those which
walk.
Y. Soc. Most true.
Str. And where shall we look for the political animal? Might not
an idiot, so to speak, know that he is a pedestrian?
Y. Soc. Certainly.
Str. The art of managing the walking animal has to be further
divided, just as you might have an even number.
Y. Soc. Clearly.
Str. Let me note that here appear in view two ways to that part or
class which the argument aims at reaching-the one is speedier way,
which cuts off a small portion and leaves a large; the other agrees
better with the principle which we were laying down, that as
far as we
can we should divide in the middle; but it is longer. We can take
either of them, whichever we please.
Y. Soc. Cannot we have both ways?
Str. Together? What a thing to ask! but, if you take them in turn,
you clearly may.
Y. Soc. Then I should like to have them in turn.
Str. There will be no difficulty, as we are near the end; if we
had been at the beginning, or in the middle, I should have
demurred to
your request; but now, in accordance with your desire, let us begin
with the longer way; while we are fresh, we shall get on better. And
now attend to the division.
Y. Soc. Let me hear.
Str. The tame walking herding animals are distributed by
nature into
two classes.
Y. Soc. Upon what principle?
Str. The one grows horns; and the other is without horns.
Y. Soc. Clearly.
Str. Suppose that you divide the science which manages pedestrian
animals into two corresponding parts, and define them; for if you
try to invent names for them, you will find the intricacy too great.
Y. Soc. How must I speak of them, then?
Str. In this way: let the science of managing pedestrian animals
be divided into two parts and one part assigned to the
horned herd and
the other to the herd that has no horns.
Y. Soc. All that you say has been abundantly proved, and may
therefore, be assumed.
Str. The king is clearly the shepherd a polled herd, who have no
horns.
Y. Soc. That is evident.
Str. Shall we break up this hornless herd into sections, and
endeavour to assign to him what is his?
Y. Soc. By all means.
Str. Shall we distinguish them by their having or not having
cloven feet, or by their mixing or not mixing the breed? You
know what
I mean.
Y. Soc. What?
Str. I mean that horses and asses naturally breed from one another.
Y. Soc. Yes.
Str. But the remainder of the hornless herd of tame

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