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statesman   


Y. Soc. Certainly not.
Str. Again, if a person were to say that the art of making the
warp and the woof was the art of weaving, he would say what was
paradoxical and false.
Y. Soc. To be sure.
Str. Shall we say that the whole art of the fuller or of the
mender has nothing to do with the care and treatment clotes,
or are we
to regard all these as arts of weaving?
Y. Soc. Certainly not.
Str. And yet surely all these arts will maintain that they are
concerned with the treatment and production of clothes; they will
dispute the exclusive prerogative of weaving, and though assigning a
larger sphere to that, will still reserve a considerable field for
themselves.
Y. Soc. Very true.
Str. Besides these, there are the arts which make tools and
instruments of weaving, and which will claim at least to be
cooperative causes in every work of the weaver.
Y. Soc. Most true.
Str. Well, then, suppose that we define weaving, or rather
that part
of it which has been selected by us, to be the greatest and
noblest of
arts which are concerned with woollen garments-shall we be right? Is
not the definition, although true, wanting in clearness and
completeness; for do not all those other arts require to be first
cleared away?
Y. Soc. True.
Str. Then the next thing will be to separate them, in
order that the
argument may proceed in a regular manner?
Y. Soc. By all means.
Str. Let us consider, in the first place, that there are two kinds
of arts entering into everything which we do.
Y. Soc. What are they?
Str. The one kind is the conditional or cooperative, the other the
principal cause.
Y. Soc. What do you mean?
Str. The arts which do not manufacture the actual thing, but which
furnish the necessary tools for the manufacture, without which the
several arts could not fulfil their appointed work, are
co-operative; but those which make the things themselves are causal.
Y. Soc. A very reasonable distinction.
Str. Thus the arts which make spindles, combs, and other
instruments
of the production of clothes may be called co-operative, and those
which treat and fabricate the things themselves, causal.
Y. Soc. Very true.
Str. The arts of washing and mending, and the other
preparatory arts
which belong to the causal class, and form a division of the
great art
of adornment, may be all comprehended under what we call the
fuller's art.
Y. Soc. Very good.
Str. Carding and spinning threads and all the parts of the process
which are concerned with the actual manufacture of a woollen garment
form a single art, which is one of thow universally acknowledged-the
art of working in wool.
Y. Soc. To be sure.
Str. Of working in wool again, there are two divisions, and both
these are parts of two arts at once.
Y. Soc. How is that?

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