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indifferently, if this can be helped? does not all art rather reject
the bad as far as possible, and accept the good and fit
materials, and
from these elements, whether like or unlike, gathering them all into
one, work out some nature or idea?
Y. Soc. To, be sure.
Str. Then the true and natural art of statesmanship will
never allow
any State to be formed by a combination of good and bad men, if this
can be avoided; but will begin by testing human natures in play, and
after testing them, will entrust them to proper teachers who are the
ministers of her purposes-she will herself give orders, and maintain
authority; just as the art of weaving continually gives orders and
maintains authority over the carders and all the others who prepare
the material for the work, commanding the subsidiary arts to execute
the works which she deems necessary for making the web.
Y. Soc. Quite true.
Str. In like manner, the royal science appears to me to be the
mistress of all lawful educators and instructors, and having this
queenly power, will not permit them to train men in what will
produce characters unsuited to the political constitution which she
desires to create, but only in what will produce such as are
Those which have no share of manliness and temperance, or any other
virtuous inclination, and, from the necessity of an evil nature, are
violently carried away to godlessness and insolence and
injustice, she
gets rid of by death and exile, and punishes them with the
greatest of
Y. Soc. That is commonly said.
Str. But those who are wallowing in ignorance and baseness she
bows under the yoke of slavery.
Y. Soc. Quite right.
Str. The rest of the citizens, out of whom, if they have
education, something noble may be made, and who are capable of being
united by the Statesman, the kingly art blends and weaves together;
taking on the one hand those whose natures tend rather to courage,
which is the stronger element and may be regarded as the warp, and
on the other hand those which incline to order and gentleness, and
which are represented in the figure as spun thick and soft after the
manner of the woof-these, which are naturally opposed, she seeks to
bind and weave together in the following manner:
Y. Soc. In what manner?
Str. First of all, she takes the eternal element of the soul and
binds it with a divine cord, to which it is akin, and then the
animal nature, and binds that with human cords.
Y. Soc. I do not understand what you mean.
Str. The meaning is, that the opinion about the honourable and the
just and good and their opposites, which is true and confirmed by
reason, is a divine principle, and when implanted in the soul, is
implanted, as I maintain, in a nature of heavenly birth.
Y. Soc. Yes; what else should it be?
Str. Only the Statesman and the good legislator, having the
inspiration of the royal muse, can implant this opinion, and he,
only in the rightly educated, whom we were just now describing.
Y. Soc. Likely enough.
Str. But him who cannot, we will not designate by any of the names
which are the subject of the present which are the subject of the
present enquiry.
Y. Soc. Very right.
Str. The courageous soul when attaining this truth becomes
civilized, and rendered more capable of partaking of
justice; but when

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