not partaking, is inclined to brutality. Is not that true?
Y. Soc. Certainly.
Str. And again, the peaceful and orderly nature, if
sharing in these
opinions, becomes temperate and wise, as far as this may be in a
State, but if not, deservedly obtains the ignominious name of
Y. Soc. Quite true.
Str. Can we say that such a connection as this will lastingly
unite the evil with one another or with the good, or that any
science would seriously think of using a bond of this kind to join
Y. Soc. Impossible.
Str. But in those who were originally of a noble nature, and who
have been nurtured in noble ways, and in those only, may we not say
that union is implanted by law, and that this is the medicine which
art prescribes for them, and of all the bonds which unite the
dissimilar and contrary parts of virtue is not this, as I was
saying, the divinest?
Y. Soc. Very true.
Str. Where this divine bond exists there is no difficulty in
imagining, or when you have imagined, in creating the other bonds,
which are human only.
Y. Soc. How is that, and what bonds do you mean?
Str. Rights of intermarriage, and ties which are formed between
States by giving and taking children in marriage, or between
individuals by private betrothals and espousals. For most persons
form; marriage connection without due regard to what is best for the
procreation of children.
Y. Soc. In what way?
Str. They seek after wealth and power, which, in matrimony are
objects not worthy-even of a serious censure.
Y. Soc. There is no need to consider them at all.
Str. More reason is-there to consider the practice of
those who make
family their chief aim, and to indicate their error.
Y. Soc. Quite true.
Str. They act on no true principle at all; they seek their ease
and receive with open arms those are like themselves, and hate those
who are unlike them, being too much influenced by feelings
Y. Soc. How so?
Str. The quiet orderly class seek for natures like their
own, and as
far as they can they marry and give in marriage exclusively in this
class, and the courageous do the same; they seek natures like their
own, whereas they should both do precisely the opposite.
Y. Soc. How and why is that?
Str. Because courage, when untempered by the gentler nature during
many generations, may at first bloom and strengthen, but at last
bursts forth into downright madness.
Y. Soc. Like enough.
Str. And then, again, the soul which is over-full of
modesty and has
no element of courage in many successive generations, is apt to grow
too indolent, and at last to become utterly paralyzed and useless.
Y. Soc. That, again, is quite likely.
Str. It was of these bonds I said that there would be no
difficulty in creating them, if only both classes originally held
the same opinion about the honourable and good;-indeed, in
work, the whole process of royal weaving is comprised-never to allow
temperate natures to be separated from the brave, but to weave them
together, like the warp and the woof, by common sentiments