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of the phalanx and the officers, his companions, Eumenes, though in
his judgment he inclined to the latter, yet in his professions stood
neuter, as if he thought it unbecoming him, who was a stranger, to
interpose in the private quarrels of the Macedonians. When the rest
of Alexander's friends left Babylon, he stayed behind, and did much
to pacify the foot-soldiers, and to dispose them towards an accommodation.
And when the officers had agreed among themselves, and, recovering
from the first disorder proceeded to share out the several commands
and provinces, they made Eumenes governor of Cappadocia and Paphlagonia,
and all the coast upon the Pontic Sea as far as Trebizond, which at
that time was not subject to the Macedonians, for Ariarathes kept
it as king, but Leonnatus and Antigonus, with a large army, were to
put him in possession of it.
Antigonus, already filled with hopes of his own, and despising all
men, took no notice of Perdiccas's letter; but Leonnatus with his
army came down into Phrygia to the service of Eumenes. But being visited
by Hecataeus, the tyrant of the Cardians, and requested rather to
relieve Antipater and the Macedonians that were besieged in Lamia,
he resolved upon that expedition, inviting Eumenes to a share in it,
and endeavouring to reconcile him to Hecataeus. For there was an hereditary
feud between them, arising out of political differences, and Eumenes
had more than once been known to denounce Hecataeus as a tyrant, and
to exhort Alexander to restore the Cardians their liberty. Therefore
at this time, also, he declined the expedition proposed, pretending
that he feared lest Antipater, who already hated him, should for that
reason, and to gratify Hecataeus, kill him. Leonnatus so far believed
as to impart to Eumenes his whole design, which, as he had pretended
and given out, was to aid Antipater, but in truth was to seize the
kingdom of Macedon; and he showed him letters from Cleopatra, in which,
it appeared, she invited him to Pella, with promises to marry him.
But Eumenes, whether fearing Antipater, or looking upon Leonnatus
as a rash, headstrong, and unsafe man, stole away from him by night,
taking with him all his men, namely, three hundred horse, and two
hundred of his own servants armed, and all his gold, to the value
of five thousand talents of silver, and fled to Perdiccas, discovered
to him Leonnatus's design, and thus gained great interest with him,
and was made of the council. Soon after, Perdiccas, with a great army,
which he led himself, conducted Eumenes into Cappadocia, and, having
taken Ariarathes prisoner, and subdued the whole country, declared
him governor of it. He accordingly proceeded to dispose of the chief
cities among his own friends, and made captains of garrisons, judges,
receivers, and other officers, of such as he thought fit himself,
Perdiccas not at all interposing. Eumenes, however, still continued
to attend upon Perdiccas, both out of respect to him, and a desire
not to be absent from the royal family.
But Perdiccas, believing he was able enough to attain his own further
objects without assistance, and that the country he left behind him
might stand in need of an active and faithful governor, when he came
into Cilicia dismissed Eumenes, under colour of sending him to his
command, but in truth to secure Armenia, which was on its frontier,
and was unsettled through the practices of Neoptolemus. Him, a proud
and vain man, Eumenes exerted himself to gain by personal attentions;
but to balance the Macedonian foot, whom he found insolent and self-willed,
he contrived to raise an army of horse, excusing from tax and contribution
all those of the country that were able to serve on horseback, and
buying up a number of horses, which he distributed among such of his
own men as he most confided in, stimulating the courage of his new
soldiers by gifts and honours, and inuring their bodies to service
by frequent marching and exercising; so that the Macedonians were
some of them astonished, others overjoyed to see that in so short
a time he had got together a body of no less than six thousand three
hundred horsemen.
But when Craterus and Antipater, having subdued the Greeks, advanced
into Asia, with intentions to quell the power of Perdiccas, and were

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