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Eumenes   


reported to design an invasion of Cappadocia, Perdiccas, resolving
himself to march against Ptolemy, made Eumenes commander-in-chief
of all the forces of Armenia and Cappadocia, and to that purpose wrote
letters, requiring Alcetas and Neoptolemus to be obedient to Eumenes,
and giving full commission to Eumenes to dispose and order all things
as he thought fit. Alcetas flatly refused to serve, because his Macedonians,
he said were ashamed to fight against Antipater, and loved Craterus
so well, they were ready to receive him for their commander. Neoptolemus
designed treachery against Eumenes, but was discovered; and being
summoned, refused to obey, and put himself in a posture of defence.
Here Eumenes first found the benefit of his own foresight and contrivance,
for his foot being beaten, he routed Neoptolemus with his horse, and
took all his baggage; and coming up with his whole force upon the
phalanx while broken and disordered in its flight, obliged the men
to lay down their arms and take an oath to serve under him. Neoptolemus,
with some few stragglers whom he rallied, fled to Craterus and Antipater.
From them had come an embassy to Eumenes, inviting him over to their
side, offering to secure him in his present government and to give
him additional command, both of men and of territory, with the advantage
of gaining his enemy Antipater to become his friend, and keeping Craterus
his friend from turning to be his enemy. To which Eumenes replied
that he could not so suddenly be reconciled to his old enemy Antipater,
especially at a time when he saw him use his friends like enemies,
but was ready to reconcile Craterus to Perdiccas, upon any and equitable
terms; but in case of any aggression, he would resist the injustice
to his last breath, and would rather lose his life than betray his
word.
Antipater, receiving this answer, took time to consider upon the whole
matter; when Neoptolemus arrived from his defeat and acquainted them
with the ill success of his arms, and urged them to give him assistance,
to come, both of them if possible, but Craterus at any rate, for the
Macedonians loved him so excessively, that if they saw but his hat,
or heard his voice, they would all pass over in a body with their
arms. And in truth Craterus had a mighty name among them, and the
soldiers after Alexander's death were extremely fond of him, remembering
how he had often for their sakes incurred Alexander's displeasure,
doing his best to withhold him when he began to follow the Persian
fashions, and always maintaining the customs of his country, when,
through pride and luxuriousness, they began to be disregarded. Craterus,
therefore, sent on Antipater into Cilicia, and himself and Neoptolemus
marched with a large division of the army against Eumenes; expecting
to come upon him unawares, and to find his army disordered with revelling
after the late victory. Now that Eumenes should suspect his coming,
and be prepared to receive him, is an argument of his vigilance, but
not perhaps a proof of any extraordinary sagacity, but that he should
contrive both to conceal from his enemies the disadvantages of his
position, and from his own men whom they were to fight with, so that
he led them on against Craterus himself, without their knowing that
he commanded the enemy, this, indeed, seems to show peculiar address
and skill in the general. He gave out that Neoptolemus and Pigres
were approaching with some Cappadocian and Paphlagonian horse. And
at night, having resolved on marching, he fell asleep, and had an
extraordinary dream. For he thought he saw two Alexanders ready to
engage, each commanding his several phalanx, the one assisted by Minerva,
the other by Ceres; and that after a hot dispute, he on whose side
Minerva was, was beaten, and Ceres, gathering ears of corn, wove them
into a crown for the victor.
This vision Eumenes interpreted at once as boding success to himself,
who was to fight for a fruitful country, and at that very time covered
with the young ears, the whole being sown with corn, and the fields
so thick with it that they made a beautiful show of a long peace.
And he was further emboldened when he understood that the enemy's
password was Minerva and Alexander. Accordingly he also gave out as
his Ceres and Alexander, and gave his men orders to make garlands

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