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Eumenes   


Passing by Mount Ida, where there was a royal establishment of horses,
Eumenes took as many as he had occasion for, and sent an account of
his doing so to the overseers, at which Antipater is said to have
laughed, calling it truly laudable in Eumenes thus to hold himself
prepared for giving in to them (or would it be taking from them?)
strict account of all matters of administration. Eumenes had designed
to engage in the plains of Lydia, near Sardis, both because his chief
strength lay in horse, and to let Cleopatra see how powerful he was.
But at her particular request, for she was afraid to give any umbrage
to Antipater, he marched into the upper Phrygia, and wintered in Celaenae;
when Alcetas, Polemon, and Docimus disputing with him who should command
in chief, "You know," said he, "the old saying: That destruction regards
no punctilios." Having promised his soldiers pay within three days,
he sold them all the farms and castles in the country, together with
the men and beasts with which they were filled; every captain or officer
that bought received from Eumenes the use of his engines to storm
the place, and divided the spoils among his company, proportionably
to every man's arrears. By this Eumenes came again to be popular,
so that when letters were found thrown about the camp by the enemy
promising one hundred talents, besides great honours, to any one that
should kill Eumenes, the Macedonians were extremely offended, and
made an order that from that time forward one thousand of their best
men should continually guard his person, and keep strict watch about
him by night in their several turns. This order was cheerfully obeyed,
and they gladly received of Eumenes the same honours which the kings
used to confer upon their favourites. He now had leave to bestow purple
hats and cloaks, which among the Macedonians is one of the greatest
honours the king can give.
Good fortune will elevate even petty minds, and give them the appearance
of a certain greatness and stateliness, as from their high place they
look down upon the world; but the truly noble and resolved spirit
raises itself, and becomes more conspicuous in times of disaster and
ill fortune, as was now the case with Eumenes. For having by the treason
of one of his own men lost the field to Antigonus at Orcynii, in Cappadocia,
in his flight he gave the traitor no opportunity to escape to the
enemy, but immediately seized and hanged him. Then in his flight,
taking a contrary course to his pursuers, he stole by them unawares,
returned to the place where the battle had been fought, and encamped.
There he gathered up the dead bodies and burnt them with the doors
and windows of the neighbouring villages, and raised heaps of earth
upon their graves; insomuch that Antigonus, who came thither soon
after, expressed his astonishment at his courage and firm resolution.
Falling afterwards upon the baggage of Antigonus, he might easily
have taken many captives, both bond and freemen, and much wealth collected
from the spoils of so many wars; but he feared lest his men, overladen
with so much booty, might become unfit for rapid retreat, and too
fond of their ease to sustain the continual marches and endure the
long waiting on which he depended for success, expecting to tire Antigonus
into some other course. But then considering it would be extremely
difficult to restrain the Macedonians from plunder, when it seemed
to offer itself, he gave them order to refresh themselves, and bait
their horses, and then attack the enemy. In the meantime he sent privately
to Menander, who had care of all this baggage, professing a concern
for him upon the score of old friendship and acquaintance; and therefore
advising him to quit the plain and secure himself upon the sides of
the neighbouring hills, where the horse might not be able to hem him
in. When Menander, sensible of his danger, had speedily packed up
his goods and decamped, Eumenes openly sent his scouts to discover
the enemy's posture, and commanded his men to arm and bridle their
horses, as designing immediately to give battle; but the scouts returning
with news that Menander had secured so difficult a post it was impossible
to take him, Eumenes, pretending to be grieved with the disappointment,
drew off his men another way. It is said that when Menander reported
this afterwards to Antigonus, and the Macedonians commended Eumenes,

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