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Eumenes   


imputing it to his singular good-nature, that having it in his power
to make slaves of their children and outrage their wives he forbore
and spared them all, Antigonus replied, "Alas, good friends, he had
no regard to us, but to himself, being loath to wear so many shackles
when he designed to fly."
From this time Eumenes, daily flying and wandering about, persuaded
many of his men to disband, whether out of kindness to them, or unwillingness
to lead about such a body of men as were too few to engage and too
many to fly undiscovered. Taking refuge at Nora, a place on the confines
of Lycaonia and Cappadocia, with five hundred horse and two hundred
heavy-armed foot, he again dismissed as many of his friends as desired
it, through fear of the probable hardships to be encountered there,
and embracing them with all demonstrations of kindness gave them licence
to depart. Antigonus, when he came before this fort, desired to have
an interview with Eumenes before the siege; but he returned answer
that Antigonus had many friends who might command in his room; but
they whom Eumenes defended had nobody to substitute if he should miscarry;
therefore, if Antigonus thought it worth while to treat with him,
he should first send him hostages. And when Antigonus required that
Eumenes should first address himself to him as his superior, he replied,
"While I am able to wield a sword, I shall think no man greater than
myself." At last, when, according to Eumenes's demand, Antigonus sent
his own nephew Ptolemy to the fort, Eumenes went out to him, and they
mutually embraced with great tenderness and friendship, as having
formerly been very intimate. After long conversation, Eumenes making
no mention of his own pardon and security, but requiring that he should
be confirmed in his several governments, and restitution be made him
of the rewards of his service, all that were present were astonished
at his courage and gallantry. And many of the Macedonians flocked
to see what sort of person Eumenes was, for since the death of Craterus
no man had been so much talked of in the army. But Antigonus, being
afraid lest he might suffer some violence, first commanded the soldiers
to keep off, calling out and throwing stones at those who pressed
forwards. At last, taking Eumenes in his arms, and keeping off the
crowd with his guards, not without great difficulty, he returned him
safe into the fort.
Then Antigonus, having built a wall round Nora, left a force sufficient
to carry on the siege, and drew off the rest of his army; and Eumenes
was beleaguered and kept garrison, having plenty of corn and water
and salt, but no other thing, either for food or delicacy; yet with
such as he had, he kept a cheerful table for his friends, inviting
them severally in their turns, and seasoning his entertainment with
a gentle and affable behaviour. For he had a pleasant countenance,
and looked not like an old and practised soldier, but was smooth and
florid, and his shape as delicate as if his limbs had been carved
by art in the most accurate proportions. He was not a great orator,
but winning and persuasive, as may be seen in his letters.
The greatest distress of the besieged was the narrowness of the place
they were in, their quarters being very confined, and the whole place
but two furlongs in compass; so that both they and their horses fed
without exercise. Accordingly, not only to prevent the listlessness
of such inactive living, but to have them in condition to fly if occasion
required, he assigned a room one-and-twenty feet long, the largest
in all the fort, for the men to walk in, directing them to begin their
walk gently, and so gradually mend their pace. And for the horses,
he tied them to the roof with great halters, fastening which about
their necks, with a pulley he gently raised them, till standing upon
the ground with their hinder feet, they just touched it with the very
ends of their forefeet. In this posture the grooms plied them with
whips and shouts, provoking them to curvet and kick out with their
hind legs, struggling and stamping at the same time to find support
for their forefeet, and thus their whole body was exercised, till
they were all in a foam and sweat; excellent exercise, whether for
strength or speed; and then he gave them their corn already coarsely

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