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Eumenes   


ground, that they might sooner despatch and better digest it.
The siege continuing long, Antigonus received advice that Antipater
was dead in Macedon, and that affairs were embroiled by the differences
of Cassander and Polysperchon, upon which he conceived no mean hopes,
purposing to make himself master of all, and, in order to his design,
thought to bring over Eumenes, that he might have his advice and assistance.
He, therefore, sent Hieronymus to treat with him, proposing a certain
oath, which Eumenes first corrected, and then referred himself to
the Macedonians themselves that besieged him, to be judged by them,
which of the two forms was the most equitable. Antigonus in the beginning
of his had slightly mentioned the kings as by way of ceremony, while
all the sequel referred to himself alone; but Eumenes changed the
form of it to Olympias and the kings, and proceeded to swear not to
be true to Antigonus, only, but to them, and have the same friends
and enemies, not with Antigonus, but with Olympias and the kings.
This form the Macedonians thinking the more reasonable, swore Eumenes
according to it, and raised the siege, sending also to Antigonus that
he should swear in the same form to Eumenes. Meantime, all the hostages
of the Cappadocians Eumenes had in Nora he returned, obtaining from
their friends war-horses, beasts of carriage, and tents in exchange.
And collecting again all the soldiers who had dispersed at the time
of his flight, and were now wandering about the country, he got together
a body of near a thousand horse, and with them fled from Antigonus,
whom he justly feared. For he had sent orders not only to have him
blocked up and besieged again, but had given a very sharp answer to
the Macedonians for admitting Eumenes's amendment of the oath.
While Eumenes was flying, he received letters from those in Macedonia,
who were jealous of Antigonus's greatness, from Olympias, inviting
him thither to take the charge and protection of Alexander's infant
son, whose person was in danger, and other letters from Polysperchon
and Philip the king, requiring him to make war upon Antigonus, as
general of the forces in Cappadocia, and empowering him out of the
treasure at Quinda to take five hundred talents' compensation for
his own losses, and to levy as much as he thought necessary to carry
on the war. They wrote also to the same effect to Antigenes and Teutamus,
the chief officers of the Argyraspids; who, on receiving these letters,
treated Eumenes with a show of respect and kindness; but it was apparent
enough that they were full of envy and emulation, disdaining to give
place to him. Their envy Eumenes moderated by refusing to accept the
money, as if he had not needed it; and their ambition and emulation,
who were neither able to govern nor willing to obey, he conquered
by help of superstition. For he told them that Alexander had appeared
to him in a dream, and showed him a regal pavilion richly furnished,
with a throne in it; and told him if they would sit in council there,
he himself would be present, and prosper all the consultations and
actions upon which they should enter in his name. Antigenes and Teutamus
were easily prevailed upon to believe this, being as little willing
to come and consult Eumenes as he himself was to be seen waiting at
other men's doors. Accordingly, they erected a tent royal, and a throne,
called Alexander's, and there they met to consult upon all affairs
of moment.
Afterwards they advanced into the interior of Asia, and in their march
met with Peucestes, who was friendly to them and with the other satraps,
who joined forces with them, and greatly encouraged the Macedonians
with the number and appearance of their men. But they themselves,
having since Alexander's decease become imperious and ungoverned in
their tempers, and luxurious in their daily habits, imagining themselves
great princes, and pampered in their conceit by the flattery of the
barbarians, when all these conflicting pretensions now came together,
were soon found to be exacting and quarrelsome one with another, while
all alike unmeasurably flattered the Macedonians, giving them money
for revels and sacrifices, till in a short time they brought the camp
to be a dissolute place of entertainment, and the army a mere multitude
of voters, canvassed as in a democracy for the election of this or

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