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Eumenes   


that commander. Eumenes, perceiving they despised one another, and
all of them feared him, and sought an opportunity to kill him, pretended
to be in want of money, and borrowed many talents, of those especially
who most hated him, to make them at once confide in him and forbear
all violence to him for fear of losing their own money. Thus his enemies'
estates were the guard of his person, and by receiving money he purchased
safety, for which it is more common to give it.
The Macedonians, also, while there was no show of danger, allowed
themselves to be corrupted, and made all their court to those who
gave them presents, who had their body-guards, and affected to appear
generals-in-chief. But when Antigonus came upon them with a great
army, and their affairs themselves seemed to call out for a true general,
then not only the common soldiers cast their eyes upon Eumenes, but
these men, who had appeared so great in a peaceful time of ease, submitted
all of them to him, and quietly posted themselves severally as he
appointed them. And when Antigonus attempted to pass the river Pasitigris,
all the rest that were appointed to guard the passes were not so much
as aware of his march; only Eumenes met and encountered him, slew
many of his men, and filled the river with the dead, and took four
thousand prisoners. But it was most particularly when Eumenes was
sick that the Macedonians let it be seen how in their judgment, while
others could feast them handsomely and make entertainments, he alone
knew how to fight and lead an army. For Peucestes, having made a splendid
entertainment in Persia, and given each of the soldiers a sheep to
sacrifice with, made himself sure of being commander-in-chief. Some
few days after the army was to march, and Eumenes having been dangerously
ill was carried in a litter apart from the body of the army, that
any rest he got might not be disturbed. But when they were a little
advanced, unexpectedly they had a view of the enemy, who had passed
the hills that lay between them, and was marching down into the plain.
At the sight of the golden armour glittering in the sun as they marched
down in their order, the elephants with their castles on their backs,
and the men in their purple, as their manner was when they were going
to give battle, the front stopped their march, and called out for
Eumenes, for they would not advance a step but under his conduct;
and fixing their arms in the ground gave the word among themselves
to stand, requiring their officers also not to stir or engage or hazard
themselves without Eumenes. News of this being brought to Eumenes,
he hastened those that carried his litter, and drawing back the curtains
on both sides, joyfully put forth his right hand. As soon as the soldiers
saw him they saluted him in their Macedonian dialect, and took up
their shields, and striking them with their pikes, gave a great shout;
inviting the enemy to come on, for now they had a leader.
Antigonus understanding by some prisoners he had taken that Eumenes
was out of health, to that degree that he was carried in a litter,
presumed it would be no hard matter to crush the rest of them, since
he was ill. He therefore made the greater haste to come up with them
and engage. But being come so near as to discover how the enemy was
drawn up and appointed, he was astonished, and paused for some time;
at last he saw the litter carrying from one wing of the army to the
other, and, as his manner was, laughing aloud, he said to his friends,
"That litter there, it seems, is the thing that offers us battle;"
and immediately wheeled about, retired with all his army, and pitched
his camp. The men on the other side, finding a little respite, returned
to their former habits, and allowing themselves to be flattered, and
making the most of the indulgence of their generals, took up for their
winter quarters near the whole country of the Gabeni, so that the
front was quartered nearly a thousand furlongs from the rear; which
Antigonus understanding, marched suddenly towards them, taking the
most difficult road through a country that wanted water; but the way
was short though uneven; hoping, if he should surprise them thus scattered
in their winter quarters, the soldiers would not easily be able to
come up in time enough and join with their officers. But having to
pass through a country uninhabited, where he met with violent winds

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