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and severe frosts, he was much checked in his march, and his men suffered
exceedingly. The only possible relief was making numerous fires, by
which his enemies got notice of his coming. For the barbarians who
dwelt on the mountains overlooking the desert, amazed at the multitude
of fires they saw, sent messengers upon dromedaries to acquaint Peucestes.
He being astonished and almost out of his senses with the news, and
finding the rest in no less disorder, resolved to fly, and collect
what men he could by the way. But Eumenes relieved him from his fear
and trouble, undertaking so to stop the enemy's advance that he should
arrive three days later than he was expected. Having persuaded them,
he immediately despatched expresses to all the officers to draw the
men out of their winter quarters and muster them with all speed. He
himself, with some of the chief officers, rode out, and chose an elevated
tract within view, at a distance, of such as travelled the desert;
this he occupied and quartered out, and commanded many fires to be
made in it, as the custom is in a camp. This done, and the enemies
seeing the fire upon the mountains, Antigonus was filled with vexation
and despondency, supposing that his enemies had been long since advertised
of his march, and were prepared to receive him. Therefore, lest his
army, now tired and wearied out with their march, should be immediately
forced to encounter with fresh men, who had wintered well and were
ready for him, quitting the near way, he marched slowly through the
towns and villages to refresh his men. But meeting with no such skirmishes
as are usual when two armies lie near one another, and being assured
by the people of the country that no army had been seen, but only
continual fires at that place, he concluded he had been outwitted
by a stratagem of Eumenes, and, much troubled, advanced to give open
By this time, the greater part of the forces were come together to
Eumenes, and admiring his sagacity, declared him alone commander-in-chief
of the whole army; upon which Antigenes and Teutamus, the commanders
of the Argyraspids, being very much offended, and envying Eumenes,
formed a conspiracy against him; and assembling the greater part of
the satraps and officers, consulted when and how to cut him off. When
they had unanimously agreed, first to use his service in the next
battle, and then to take an occasion to destroy him, Eudamus, the
master of the elephants, and Phaedimus gave Eumenes private advice
of this design, not out of kindness or good-will to him, but lest
they should lose the money they had lent him. Eumenes, having commended
them, retired to his tent, and telling his friends he lived among
a herd of wild beasts, made his will, and tore up all his letters,
lest his correspondents after his death should be questioned or punished
on account of anything in his secret papers.
Having thus disposed of his affairs, he thought of letting the enemy
win the field, or of flying through Media and Armenia and seizing
Cappadocia, but came to no resolution while his friends stayed with
him. After turning to many expedients in his mind, which his changeable
fortune had made versatile, he at last put his men in array, and encouraged
the Greeks and barbarians; as for the phalanx and the Argyraspids,
they encouraged him, and bade him be of good heart, for the enemy
would never be able to stand them. For indeed they were the oldest
of Philip's and Alexander's soldiers, tried men, that had long made
war their exercise, that had never been beaten or foiled; most of
them seventy, none less than sixty years old. And so when they charged
Antigonus's men, they cried out, "You fight against your fathers,
you rascals," and furiously falling on, routed the whole phalanx at
once, nobody being able to stand them, and the greatest part dying
by their hands. So that Antigonus's foot was routed, but his horse
got the better, and he became master of the baggage through the cowardice
of Peucestes, who behaved himself negligently and basely; while Antigonus
used his judgment calmly in the danger, being aided moreover by the
ground. For the place where they fought was a large plain, neither
deep nor hard under foot, but, like the seashore, covered with a fine
soft sand which the treading of so many men and horses in the time

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