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Eumenes   


of battle reduced to a small white dust, that like a cloud of lime
darkened the air, so that one could not see clearly at any distance,
and so made it easy for Antigonus to take the baggage unperceived.
After the battle, Teutamus sent a message to Antigonus to demand the
baggage. He made answer, he would not only restore it to the Argyraspids,
but serve them further in the other things if they would but deliver
up Eumenes. Upon which the Argyraspids took a villainous resolution
to deliver him up alive into the hands of his enemies. So they came
to wait upon him, being unsuspected by him, but watching their opportunity,
some lamenting the loss of the baggage, some encouraging him as if
he had been victor, some accusing the other commanders, till at last
they all fell upon him, and seizing his sword, bound his hands behind
him with his own girdle.
When Antigonus had sent Nicanor to receive him he begged he might
be led through the body of the Macedonians, and have liberty to speak
to them, neither to request nor deprecate anything, but only to advise
them what would be for their interest. A silence being made, as he
stood upon a rising ground, he stretched out his hands bound, and
said, "What trophy, O ye basest of all the Macedonians, could Antigonus
have wished for so great as you yourselves have erected for him in
delivering up your general captive into his hands? You are not ashamed,
when you are conquerors, to own yourselves conquered, for the sake
only of your baggage, as if it were wealth, not arms, wherein victory
consisted; nay, you deliver up your general to redeem your stuff.
As for me I am unvanquished, though a captive, conqueror of my enemies,
and betrayed by my fellow-soldiers. For you, I adjure you by Jupiter,
the protector of arms, and by all the gods that are the avengers of
perjury, to kill me here with your own hands; for it is all one; and
if I am murdered yonder it will be esteemed your act, nor will Antigonus
complain, for he desires not Eumenes alive, but dead. Or if you withhold
your own hands, release but one of mine, it shall suffice to do the
work; and if you dare not trust me with a sword, throw me bound as
I am under the feet of the wild beasts. This if you do I shall freely
acquit you from the guilt of my death, as the most just and kind of
men to their general."
While Eumenes was thus speaking, the rest of the soldiers wept for
grief, but the Argyraspids shouted out to lead him on, and give no
attention to his trifling. For it was no such great matter if this
Chersonesian pest should meet his death, who in thousands of battles
had annoyed and wasted the Macedonians; it would be a much more grievous
thing for the choicest of Philip's and Alexander's soldiers to be
defrauded of the fruits of so long service, and in their old age to
come to beg their bread, and to leave their wives three nights in
the power of their enemies. So they hurried him on with violence.
But Antigonus, fearing the multitude, for nobody was left in the camp,
sent ten of his strongest elephants with divers of his Mede and Parthian
lances to keep off the press. Then he could not endure to have Eumenes
brought into his presence, by reason of their former intimacy and
friendship; but when they that had taken him inquired how he would
have him kept, "As I would," said he, "an elephant, or a lion." A
little after, being moved with compassion, he commanded the heaviest
of his irons to be knocked off, one of his servants to be admitted
to anoint him, and that any of his friends that were willing should
have liberty to visit him, and bring him what he wanted. Long time
he deliberated what to do with him, sometimes inclining to the advice
and promises of Nearchus of Crete and Demetrius his son, who were
very earnest to preserve Eumenes, whilst all the rest were unanimously
instant and importunate to have him taken off. It is related that
Eumenes inquired of Onomarchus, his keeper, why Antigonus, now he
had his enemy in his hands, would not forthwith despatch or generously
release him? And that Onomarchus contumeliously answered him, that
the field had been a more proper place than this to show his contempt
of death. To whom Eumenes replied, "And, by heavens, I showed it there;
ask the men else that engaged me, but I could never meet a man that

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