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Marcus Brutus   


senators to stay; but they all affrighted ran away in great
disorder, and there was a great confusion and press at the door,
though none pursued or followed. For they had come to an express
resolution to kill nobody beside Caesar, but to call and invite all
the rest to liberty. It was indeed the opinion of all the others, when
they consulted about the execution of their design, that it was
necessary to cut off Antony with Caesar, looking upon him as an
insolent man, an affecter of monarchy, and one that, by his familiar
intercourse, had gained a powerful interest with the soldiers. And
this they urged the rather, because at that time to the natural
loftiness and ambition of his temper there was added the dignity of
being counsel and colleague to Caesar. But Brutus opposed this consul,
insisting first upon the injustice of it, and afterwards giving them
hopes that a change might be worked in Antony. For he did not
despair but that so highly gifted and honourable a man, and such a
lover of glory as Antony, stirred up with emulation of their great
attempt, might, if Caesar were once removed, lay hold of the
occasion to be joint restorer with them of the liberty of his country.
Thus did Brutus save Antony's life. But he, in the general
consternation, put himself into a plebeian habit, and fled. But Brutus
and his party marched up to the capitol, in their way showing their
hands all bloody, and their naked swords, and proclaiming liberty to
the people. At first all places were filled with cries and shouts; and
the wild running to and fro, occasioned by the sudden surprise and
passion that every one was in, increased the tumult in the city. But
no other bloodshed following, and no plundering of the goods in the
streets, the senators and many of the people took courage and went
up to the men in the capitol; and a multitude being gathered together,
Brutus made an oration to them, very popular, and proper for the state
that affairs were then in. Therefore, when they applauded his
speech, and cried out to him to come down, they all took confidence
and descended into the forum; the rest promiscuously mingled with
one another, but many of the most eminent persons, attending Brutus,
conducted him in the midst of them with great honour from the capitol,
and placed him in the rostra. At the sight of Brutus, the crowd,
though consisting of a confused mixture and all disposed to make a
tumult, were struck with reverence, and expected what he would say
with order and with silence, and, when he began to speak, heard him
with quiet and attention. But that all were not pleased with this
action they plainly showed when, Cinna beginning to speak and accuse
Caesar, they broke out into a sudden rage, and railed at him in such
language that the whole party thought fit again to withdraw to the
capitol. And there Brutus, expecting to be besieged, dismissed the
most eminent of those that had accompanied them thither, not
thinking it just that they who were not partakers of the fact should
share in the danger.
But the next day, the senate being assembled in the temple of the
Earth, and Antony and Plancus and Cicero having made orations
recommending concord in general and an act of oblivion, it was decreed
that the men should not only be put out of all fear or danger, but
that the consuls should see what honours and dignities were proper
to be conferred upon them. After which done, the senate broke up; and,
Antony having sent his son as an hostage to the capitol, Brutus and
his company came down, and mutual salutes and invitations passed
amongst them, the whole of them being gathered together. Antony
invited and entertained Cassius, Lepidus did the same to Brutus, and
the rest were invited and entertained by others, as each of them had
acquaintance or friends. And as soon as it was day, the senate met
again, and voted thanks to Antony for having stifled the beginning
of a civil war; afterwards Brutus and his associates that were present
received encomiums, and had provinces assigned and distributed among
them. Crete was allotted to Brutus, Africa to Cassius, Asia to
Trebonius, Bithynia to Cimber, and to the other Brutus Gaul about
the Po.

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