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Marcus Brutus   


custom was, with a loud voice cried Brutus to appear, the people
groaned audibly, and the noble citizens hung down their heads for
grief. Publicus Silicius was seen to burst out into tears, which was
the cause that not long after he was put down in the list of those
that were proscribed. After this, the three men, Caesar, Antony, and
Lepidus, being perfectly reconciled, shared the provinces among
themselves, and made up the catalogue of proscription, wherein were
set those that were designed for slaughter, amounting to two hundred
men, in which number Cicero was slain.
The news being brought to Brutus in Macedonia, he was under a
compulsion, and sent orders to Hortensius that he should kill Caius
Antonius in revenge of the death of Cicero his friend, and Brutus
his kinsman, who also was proscribed and slain. Upon this account it
was that Antony, having afterwards taken Hortensius in the battle of
Philippi, slew him upon his brother's tomb. But Brutus expresses
himself as more ashamed for the cause of Cicero's death than grieved
for the misfortune of it, and says he cannot help accusing his friends
at Rome, that they were slaves more through their own doing than
that of those who now were their tyrants; they could be present and
see and yet suffer those things which even to hear related ought to
them to have been insufferable.
Having made his army, that was already very considerable, pass
into Asia, he ordered a fleet to be prepared in Bithynia and about
Cyzicus. But going himself through the country by land, he made it his
business to settle and confirm all the cities, and gave audience to
the princes of the parts through which he passed. And he sent orders
into Syria to Cassius to come to him, and leave his intended journey
into Egypt; letting him understand that it was not to gain an empire
for themselves, but to free their country, that they went thus
wandering about and had got an army together whose business it was
to destroy the tyrants; that therefore, if they remembered and
resolved to persevere in their first purpose, they ought not to be too
far from Italy, but make what haste they could thither, and
endeavour to relieve their fellow-citizens from oppression.
Cassius obeyed his summons, and returned, and Brutus went to meet
him; and at Smyrna they met, which was the first time they had seen
one another since they parted at the Piraeus in Athens, one for Syria,
and the other for Macedonia. They were both extremely joyful and had
great confidence of their success at the sight of the forces that each
of them had got together, since they who had fled from Italy, like the
most despicable exiles, without money, without arms, without a ship or
a soldier or a city to rely on, in a little time after had met
together so well furnished with shipping and money, and an army both
of horse and foot, that they were in a condition to contend for the
empire of Rome.
Cassius was desirous to show no less respect and honour to Brutus
than Brutus did to him; but Brutus was still beforehand with him,
coming for the most part to him, both because he was the elder man,
and of a weaker constitution than himself. Men generally reckoned
Cassius a very expert soldier, but of a harsh and angry nature, and
one that desired to command rather by fear than love, though, on the
other side, among his familiar acquaintance he would easily give way
to jesting and play the buffoon. But Brutus, for his virtue, was
esteemed by the people, beloved by his friends, admired by the best
men, and hated not by his enemies themselves. For he was a man of a
singularly gentle nature, of a great spirit, insensible of the
passions of anger or pleasure or covetousness; steady and inflexible
to maintain his purpose for what he thought right and honest. And that
which gained him the greatest affection and reputation was the
entire faith in his intentions. For it had not ever been supposed that
Pompey the Great himself, if he had overcome Caesar, would have
submitted his power to the laws, instead of taking the management of
the state upon himself, soothing the people with the specious name
of consul or dictator, or some other milder title than king. And

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