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Marcus Brutus   


his litter, which was left empty, in many places with their darts
and pikes. There was a great slaughter in the camp that was taken; and
two thousand Lacedaemonians that were newly come to the assistance
of Caesar were all cut off together.
The rest of the army, that had not gone round, but had engaged the
front, easily overthrew them, finding them in great disorder, and slew
upon the place three legions; and being carried on with the stream
of victory, pursuing those that fled, fell into the camp with them,
Brutus himself being there. But they that were conquered took the
advantage in their extremity of what the conquerors did not
consider. For they fell upon that part of the main body which had been
left exposed and separated, where the right wing had broke off from
them and hurried away in the pursuit; yet they could not break into
the midst of their battle, but were received with strong resistance
and obstinacy. Yet they put to flight the left wing, where Cassius
commanded, being in great disorder, and ignorant of what had passed on
the other wing; and pursuing them to their camp, they pillaged and
destroyed it, neither of their generals being present; for Antony,
they say, to avoid the fury of the first onset, had retired into the
marsh that was hard by; and Caesar was nowhere to be found after his
being conveyed out of the tents; though some of the soldiers showed
Brutus their swords bloody, and declared that they had killed him,
describing his person and his age. By this time also the centre of
Brutus's battle had driven back their opponents with great
slaughter; and Brutus was everywhere plainly conqueror, as on the
other side Cassius was conquered. And this one mistake was the ruin of
their affairs, that Brutus did not come to the relief of Cassius,
thinking, that he, as well as himself, was conqueror; and that Cassius
did not expect the relief of Brutus, thinking that he too was
overcome. For as a proof that the victory was on Brutus's side,
Messala urges his taking three eagles and many ensigns of the enemy
without losing any of his own. But now, returning from the pursuit
after having plundered Caesar's camp, Brutus wondered that he could
not see Cassius's tent standing high, as it was wont, and appearing
above the rest, nor other things appearing as they had been; for
they had been immediately pulled down and pillaged by the enemy upon
their first falling into the camp. But some that had a quicker and
longer sight than the rest acquainted Brutus that they saw a great
deal of shining armour and silver targets moving to and fro in
Cassius's camp, and that they thought, by their number and the fashion
of their armour, they could not be those that they left to guard the
camp; but yet that there did not appear so great a number of dead
bodies thereabouts as it was probable there would have been after
the actual defeat of so many legions. This first made Brutus suspect
Cassius's misfortune, and, leaving a guard in the enemy's camp, he
called back those that were in the pursuit, and rallied them
together to lead them to the relief of Cassius, whose fortune had been
as follows.
First, he had been angry at the onset that Brutus's soldiers made,
without the word of battle or command to charge. Then, after they
had overcome, he was as much displeased to see them rush on to the
plunder and spoil, and neglect to surround and encompass the rest of
the enemy. Besides this, letting himself act by delay and expectation,
rather than command, boldly and with a clear purpose, he got hemmed in
by the right wing of the enemy, and, his horse making with all haste
their escape and flying towards the sea, the foot also began to give
way, which he perceiving laboured as much as ever he could to hinder
their flight and bring them back; and, snatching an ensign out of
the hand of one that fled, he stuck it at his feet, though he could
hardly keep even his own personal guard together. So that at last he
was forced to fly with a few about him to a little hill that
overlooked the plain. But he himself, being weak-sighted, discovered
nothing, only the destruction of his camp, and that with difficulty.
But they that were with him saw a great body of horse moving towards

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