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Marcus Brutus   


him, the same whom Brutus had sent. Cassius believed these were
enemies, and in pursuit of him; however, he sent away Titinius, one of
those that were with him, to learn what they were. As soon as Brutus's
horse saw him coming, and knew him to be a friend and a faithful
servant of Cassius, those of them that were his more familiar
acquaintance, shouting out for joy and alighting from their horses,
shook hands and embraced him, and the rest rode round about him
singing and shouting, through their excess of gladness at the sight of
him. But this was the occasion of the greatest mischief that could be.
For Cassius really thought that Titinius had been taken by the
enemy, and cried out, "Through too much fondness of life, I have lived
to endure the sight of my friend taken by the enemy before my face."
After which words he retired into an empty tent, taking along with him
only Pindarus, one of his freemen, whom he had reserved for such an
occasion ever since the disasters in the expedition against the
Parthians, when Crassus was slain. From the Parthians he came away
in safety; but now, pulling up his mantle over his head, he made his
neck bare, and held it forth to Pindarus, commanding him to strike.
The head was certainly found lying severed from the body. But no man
ever saw Pindarus after, from which some suspected that he had
killed his master without his command. Soon after they perceived who
the horsemen were, and saw Titinius, crowned with garlands, making
what haste he could towards Cassius. But as soon as he understood by
the cries and lamentations of his afflicted friends the unfortunate
error and death of his general, he drew his sword, and having very
much accused and upbraided his own long stay, that had caused it, he
slew himself.
Brutus, as soon as he was assured of the defeat of Cassius, made
haste to him; but heard nothing of his death till he came near his
camp. Then having lamented over his body, calling him "the last of the
Romans," it being impossible that the city should ever produce another
man of so great a spirit, he sent away the body to be buried at
Thasos, lest celebrating his funeral within the camp might breed
some disorder. He then gathered the soldiers together and comforted
them; and, seeing them destitute of all things necessary, he
promised to every man two thousand drachmas in recompense of what he
had lost. They at these words took courage, and were astonished at the
magnificence of the gift; and waited upon him at his parting with
shouts and praises, magnifying him for the only general of all the
four who was not overcome in the battle. And indeed the action
itself testified that it was not without reason he believed he
should conquer; for with a few legions he overthrew all that
resisted him; and if all his soldiers had fought, and the most of them
had not passed beyond the enemy in pursuit of the plunder, it is
very likely that he had utterly defeated every part of them.
There fell of his side eight thousand men, reckoning the servants of
the army, whom Brutus calls Briges; and on the other side, Messala
says his opinion is that there were slain about twice that number. For
which reason they were more out of heart than Brutus, until a
servant of Cassius, named Demetrius, came in the evening to Antony,
and brought to him the garment which he had taken from the dead
body, and his sword at the sight of which they were so encouraged,
that, as soon as it was morning, they drew out their whole force
into the field, and stood in battle array. But Brutus found both his
camps wavering and in disorder; for his own, being filled with
prisoners, required a guard more strict than ordinary over them; and
that of Cassius was uneasy at the change of general, besides some envy
and rancour, which those that were conquered bore to that part of
the army which had been conquerors. Wherefore he thought it convenient
to put his army in array, but to abstain from fighting. All the slaves
that were taken prisoners, of whom there was a great number that
were mixed up, not without suspicion, among the soldiers, he commanded
to be slain; but of the freemen and citizens, some he dismissed,
saying that among the enemy they were rather prisoners than with

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