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Pericles   


of his grounds, that all that would might freely gather what fruit
they pleased, Pericles, thus outdone in popular arts, by the advice
of one Damonides of Oea, as Aristotle states, turned to the distribution
of the public moneys; and in a short time having bought the people
over, what with moneys allowed for shows and for service on juries,
and what with other forms of pay and largess, he made use of them
against the council of Areopagus of which he himself was no member,
as having never been appointed by lot- either chief archon, or lawgiver,
or king, or captain. For from of old these offices were conferred
on persons by lot, and they who had acquitted themselves duly in the
discharge of them were advanced to the court of Areopagus. And so
Pericles, having secured his power in interest with the populace,
directed the exertions of his party against this council with such
success, that most of these causes and matters which had been used
to be tried there were, by the agency of Ephialtes, removed from its
cognisance; Cimon, also, was banished by ostracism as a favourer of
the Lacedaemonians and a hater of the people, though in wealth and
noble birth he was among the first, and had won several most glorious
victories over the barbarians, and had filled the city with money
and spoils of war; as is recorded in the history of his life. So vast
an authority had Pericles obtained among the people.
The ostracism was limited by law to ten years; but the Lacedaemonians,
in the meantime, entering with a great army into the territory of
Tanagra, and the Athenians going out against them, Cimon, coming from
his banishment before his time was out, put himself in arms and array
with those of his fellow-citizens that were of his own tribe, and
desired by his deeds to wipe off the suspicion of his favouring the
Lacedaemonians, by venturing his own person along with his countrymen.
But Pericles's friends, gathering in a body, forced him to retire
as a banished man. For which cause also Pericles seems to have exerted
himself more in that than in any battle, and to have been conspicuous
above all for his exposure of himself to danger. All Cimon's friends,
also, to a man, fell together side by side, whom Pericles had accused
with him of taking part with the Lacedaemonians. Defeated in this
battle on their own frontiers, and expecting a new and perilous attack
with return of spring, the Athenians now felt regret and sorrow for
the loss of Cimon, and repentance for their expulsion of him. Pericles,
being sensible of their feelings, did not hesitate or delay to gratify
it, and himself made the motion for recalling him home. He, upon his
return, concluded a peace betwixt the two cities; for the Lacedaemonians
entertained as kindly feelings towards him as they did the reverse
towards Pericles and the other popular leaders.
Yet some there are who say that Pericles did not propose the order
for Cimon's return till some private articles of agreement had been
made between them, and this by means of Elpinice, Cimon's sister;
that Cimon, namely, should go out to sea with a fleet of two hundred
ships, and be commander-in-chief abroad, with a design to reduce the
King of Persia's territories, and that Pericles should have the power
at home.
This Elpinice, it was thought, had before this time procured some
favour for her brother Cimon at Pericles's hands, and induced him
to be more remiss and gentle in urging the charge when Cimon was tried
for his life; for Pericles was one of the committee appointed by the
commons to plead against him. And when Elpinice came and besought
him in her brother's behalf, he answered, with a smile, "O Elpinice,
you are too old a woman to undertake such business as this." But,
when he appeared to impeach him, he stood up but once to speak, merely
to acquit himself of his commission, and went out of court, having
done Cimon the least prejudice of any of his accusers.
How, then, can one believe Idomeneus, who charges Pericles as if he
had by treachery procured the murder of Ephialtes, the popular statesman,
one who was his friend, and of his own party in all his political
course, out of jealousy, forsooth, and envy of his great reputation?
This historian, it seems, having raked up these stories, I know not

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