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Works by Plutarch
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insufferable affront, and consider herself to be tyrannized over openly,
when she sees the treasure, which was contributed by her upon a necessity
for the war, wantonly lavished out by us upon our city, to gild her
all over, and to adorn and set her forth, as it were some vain woman,
hung round with precious stones and figures and temples, which cost
a world of money."
Pericles, on the other hand, informed the people, that they were in
no way obliged to give any account of those moneys to their allies,
so long as they maintained their defence, and kept off the barbarians
from attacking them; while in the meantime they did not so much as
supply one horse or man or ship, but only found money for the service;
"which money," said he, "is not theirs that give it, but theirs that
receive it, if so be they perform the conditions upon which they receive
it." And that it was good reason, that, now the city was sufficiently
provided and stored with all things necessary for the war, they should
convert the overplus of its wealth to such undertakings as would hereafter,
when completed, give them eternal honour, and, for the present, while
in process, freely supply all the inhabitants with plenty. With their
variety of workmanship and of occasions for service, which summon
all arts and trades and require all hands to be employed about them,
they do actually put the whole city, in a manner, into state-pay;
while at the same time she is both beautiful and maintained by herself.
For as those who are of age and strength for war are provided for
and maintained in the armaments abroad by their pay out of the public
stock, so, it being his desire and design that the undisciplined mechanic
multitude that stayed at home should not go without their share of
public salaries, and yet should not have them given them for sitting
still and doing nothing, to that end he thought fit to bring in among
them, with the approbation of the people, these vast projects of buildings
and designs of work, that would be of some continuance before they
were finished, and would give employment to numerous arts, so that
the part of the people that stayed at home might, no less than those
that were at sea or in garrisons or on expeditions, have a fair and
just occasion of receiving the benefit and having their share of the
public moneys.
The materials were stone, brass, ivory, gold, ebony, cypresswood;
and the arts or trades that wrought and fashioned them were smiths
and carpenters, moulders, founders and braziers, stone-cutters, dyers,
goldsmiths, ivory-workers, painters, embroiderers, turners; those
again that conveyed them to the town for use, merchants and mariners
and ship-masters by sea, and by land, cartwrights, cattle-breeders,
wagoners, rope-makers, flax-workers, shoemakers and leather-dressers,
road-makers, miners. And every trade in the same nature, as a captain
in an army has his particular company of soldiers under him, had its
own hired company of journeymen and labourers belonging to it banded
together as in array, to be as it were the instrument and body for
the performance of the service. Thus, to say all in a word, the occasions
and services of these public works distributed plenty through every
age and condition.
As then grew the works up, no less stately in size than exquisite
in form, the workmen striving to outvie the material and the design
with the beauty of their workmanship, yet the most wonderful thing
of all was the rapidity of their execution.
Undertakings, any one of which singly might have required, they thought,
for their completion, several successions and ages of men, were every
one of them accomplished in the height and prime of one man's political
service. Although they say, too, that Zeuxis once, having heard Agatharchus
the painter boast of despatching his work with speed and ease, replied,
"I take a long time." For ease and speed in doing a thing do not give
the work lasting solidity or exactness of beauty; the expenditure
of time allowed to a man's pains beforehand for the production of
a thing is repaid by way of interest with a vital force for the preservation
when once produced. For which reason Pericles's works are especially
admired, as having been made quickly, to last long. For every particular

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