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Pericles   


he were himself in power and interest more than equal to many kings
and absolute rulers, who some of them also bequeathed by will their
power to their children, he, for his part, did not make the patrimony
his father left him greater than it was by one drachma.
Thucydides, indeed, gives a plain statement of the greatness of his
power; and the comic poets, in their spiteful manner, more than hint
at it, styling his companions and friends the new Pisistratidae, and
calling on him to abjure any intention of usurpation, as one whose
eminence was too great to be any longer proportionable to and compatible
with a democracy or popular government. And Teleclides says the Athenians
had surrendered up to him-
"The tribute of the cities, and with them, the cities too,
to do with them as he pleases, and undo;
To build up, if he likes, stone walls around a town; and again,
if so he likes, to pull them down;
Their treaties and alliances, power, empire, peace, and war,
their wealth and their success forever more."
Nor was all this the luck of some happy occasion; nor was it the mere
bloom and grace of a policy that flourished for a season; but having
for forty years together maintained the first place among statesmen
such as Ephialtes and Leocrates and Myronides and Cimon and Tolmides
and Thucydides were, after the defeat and banishment of Thucydides,
for no less than fifteen years longer, in the exercise of one continuous
unintermitted command in the office, to which he was annually re-elected,
of General, he preserved his integrity unspotted; though otherwise
he was not altogether idle or careless in looking after his pecuniary
advantage; his paternal estate, which of right belonged to him, he
so ordered that it might neither through negligence he wasted or lessened,
nor yet, being so full of business as he was, cost him any great trouble
or time with taking care of it; and put it into such a way of management
as he thought to be the most easy for himself, and the most exact.
All his yearly products and profits he sold together in a lump, and
supplied his household needs afterwards by buying everything that
he or his family wanted out of the market. Upon which account, his
children, when they grew to age, were not well pleased with his management,
and the women that lived with him were treated with little cost, and
complained of his way of housekeeping, where everything was ordered
and set down from day to day, and reduced to the greatest exactness;
since there was not there, as is usual in a great family and a plentiful
estate, anything to spare, or over and above; but all that went out
or came in, all disbursements and all receipts, proceeded as it were
by number and measure. His manager in all this was a single servant,
Evangelus by name, a man either naturally gifted or instructed by
Pericles so as to excel every one in this art of domestic economy.
All this, in truth, was very little in harmony with Anaxagoras's wisdom;
if, indeed, it be true that he, by a kind of divine impulse and greatness
of spirit, voluntarily quitted his house, and left his land to lie
fallow and to be grazed by sheep like a common. But the life of a
contemplative philosopher and that of an active statesman are, I presume,
not the same thing; for the one merely employs, upon great and good
objects of thought, an intelligence that requires no aid of instruments
nor supply of any external materials; whereas the other, who tempers
and applies his virtue to human uses, may have occasion for affluence,
not as a matter of necessity, but as a noble thing; which was Pericles's
case, who relieved numerous poor citizens.
However, there is a story that Anaxagoras himself, while Pericles
was taken up with public affairs, lay neglected, and that, now being
grown old, he wrapped himself up with a resolution to die for want
of food; which being by chance brought to Pericles's ear, he was horror-struck,
and instantly ran thither, and used all the arguments and entreaties
he could to him, lamenting not so much Anaxagoras's condition as his
own, should he lose such a counsellor as he had found him to be; and
that, upon this, Anaxagoras unfolded his robe, and showing himself,
made answer: "Pericles," said he, "even those who have occasion for

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