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Pericles   


he gained great admiration. As he came down from the stage on which
he spoke, the rest of the women came and complimented him, taking
him by the hand, and crowning him with garlands and ribbons, like
a victorious athlete in the games; but Elpinice, coming near to him,
said, "These are brave deeds, Pericles, that you have done, and such
as deserve our chaplets; who have lost us many a worthy citizen, not
in a war with Phoenicians or Medes, like my brother Cimon, but for
the overthrow of an allied and kindred city." As Elpinice spoke these
words, he, smiling quietly, as it is said, returned her answer with
this verse:-
"Old women should not seek to be perfumed." Ion says of him, that
upon this exploit of his, conquering the Samians, he indulged very
high and proud thoughts of himself: whereas Agamemnon was ten years
taking a barbarous city, he had in nine months' time vanquished and
taken the greatest and most powerful of the Ionians. And indeed it
was not without reason that he assumed this glory to himself, for,
in real truth, there was much uncertainty and great hazard in this
great war, if so be, as Thucydides tells us, the Samian state were
within a very little of wresting the whole power and dominion of the
sea out of the Athenians' hands.
After this was over, the Peloponnesian war beginning to break out
in full tide, he advised the people to send help to the Corcyraeans,
who were attacked by the Corinthians, and to secure to themselves
an island possessed of great naval resources, since the Peloponnesians
were already all but in actual hostilities against them. The people
readily consenting to the motion, and voting an aid and succour for
them, he despatched Lacedaemonius, Cimon's son, having only ten ships
with him, as it were out of a design to affront him; for there was
a great kindness and friendship betwixt Cimon's family and the Lacedaemonians;
so, in order that Lacedaemonius might lie the more open to a charge,
or suspicion at least, of favouring the Lacedaemonians and playing
false, if he performed no considerable exploit in this service, he
allowed him a small number of ships, and sent him out against his
will; and indeed he made it somewhat his business to hinder Cimon's
sons from rising in the state, professing that by their very names
they were not to be looked upon as native and true Athenians, but
foreigners and strangers, one being called Lacedaemonius, another
Thessalus, and the third Eleus and they were all three of them, it
was thought, born of an Arcadian woman. Being, however, ill spoken
of on account of these ten galleys, as having afforded but a small
supply to the people that were in need, and yet given a great advantage
to those who might complain of the act of intervention, Pericles sent
out a larger force afterwards to Corcyra, which arrived after the
fight was over. And when now the Corinthians, angry and indignant
with the Athenians, accused them publicly at Lacedaemon, the Megarians
joined with them, complaining that they were, contrary to common right
and the articles of peace sworn to among the Greeks, kept out and
driven away from every market and from all ports under the control
of the Athenians. The Aeginetans, also, professing to be ill-used
and treated with violence, made supplications in private to the Lacedaemonians
for redress, though not daring openly to call the Athenians in question.
In the meantime, also, the city Potidaea, under the dominion of the
Athenians, but a colony formerly of the Corinthians, had revolted,
and was beset with a formal siege, and was a further occasion of precipitating
the war.
Yet notwithstanding all this, there being embassies sent to Athens,
and Archidamus, the King of the Lacedaemonians, endeavouring to bring
the greater part of the complaints and matters in dispute to a fair
determination, and to pacify and allay the heats of the allies, it
is very likely that the war would not upon any other grounds of quarrel
have fallen upon the Athenians, could they have been prevailed with
to repeal the ordinance against the Megarians, and to be reconciled
to them. Upon which account, since Pericles was the man who mainly
opposed it, and stirred up the people's passions to persist in their

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