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History of The Peloponnesian War - Book II   


proposition for using the money for any purpose whatever except that
of defending the city in the event of the enemy bringing a fleet to
make an attack by sea, it should be a capital offence. With this sum
of money they also set aside a special fleet of one hundred galleys,
the best ships of each year, with their captains. None of these were
to be used except with the money and against the same peril, should
such peril arise.
Meanwhile the Athenians in the hundred ships round Peloponnese,
reinforced by a Corcyraean squadron of fifty vessels and some others
of the allies in those parts, cruised about the coasts and ravaged the
country. Among other places they landed in Laconia and made an assault
upon Methone; there being no garrison in the place, and the wall being
weak. But it so happened that Brasidas, son of Tellis, a Spartan,
was in command of a guard for the defence of the district. Hearing
of the attack, he hurried with a hundred heavy infantry to the
assistance of the besieged, and dashing through the army of the
Athenians, which was scattered over the country and had its
attention turned to the wall, threw himself into Methone. He lost a
few men in making good his entrance, but saved the place and won the
thanks of Sparta by his exploit, being thus the first officer who
obtained this notice during the war. The Athenians at once weighed
anchor and continued their cruise. Touching at Pheia in Elis, they
ravaged the country for two days and defeated a picked force of
three hundred men that had come from the vale of Elis and the
immediate neighbourhood to the rescue. But a stiff squall came down
upon them, and, not liking to face it in a place where there was no
harbour, most of them got on board their ships, and doubling Point
Ichthys sailed into the port of Pheia. In the meantime the Messenians,
and some others who could not get on board, marched over by land and
took Pheia. The fleet afterwards sailed round and picked them up and
then put to sea; Pheia being evacuated, as the main army of the Eleans
had now come up. The Athenians continued their cruise, and ravaged
other places on the coast.
About the same time the Athenians sent thirty ships to cruise
round Locris and also to guard Euboea; Cleopompus, son of Clinias,
being in command. Making descents from the fleet he ravaged certain
places on the sea-coast, and captured Thronium and took hostages
from it. He also defeated at Alope the Locrians that had assembled
to resist him.

During the summer the Athenians also expelled the Aeginetans with
their wives and children from Aegina, on the ground of their having
been the chief agents in bringing the war upon them. Besides, Aegina
lies so near Peloponnese that it seemed safer to send colonists of
their own to hold it, and shortly afterwards the settlers were sent
out. The banished Aeginetans found an asylum in Thyrea, which was
given to them by Lacedaemon, not only on account of her quarrel with
Athens, but also because the Aeginetans had laid her under obligations
at the time of the earthquake and the revolt of the Helots. The
territory of Thyrea is on the frontier of Argolis and Laconia,
reaching down to the sea. Those of the Aeginetans who did not settle
here were scattered over the rest of Hellas.
The same summer, at the beginning of a new lunar month, the only
time by the way at which it appears possible, the sun was eclipsed
after noon. After it had assumed the form of a crescent and some of
the stars had come out, it returned to its natural shape.
During the same summer Nymphodorus, son of Pythes, an Abderite,
whose sister Sitalces had married, was made their proxenus by the
Athenians and sent for to Athens. They had hitherto considered him
their enemy; but he had great influence with Sitalces, and they wished
this prince to become their ally. Sitalces was the son of Teres and
King of the Thracians. Teres, the father of Sitalces, was the first to
establish the great kingdom of the Odrysians on a scale quite
unknown to the rest of Thrace, a large portion of the Thracians

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