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History of The Peloponnesian War - Book IV   


company to defend the village of Solygia, which was unfortified;
Lycophron remaining to give battle with the rest. The Corinthians
first attacked the right wing of the Athenians, which had just
landed in front of Chersonese, and afterwards the rest of the army.
The battle was an obstinate one, and fought throughout hand to hand.
The right wing of the Athenians and Carystians, who had been placed at
the end of the line, received and with some difficulty repulsed the
Corinthians, who thereupon retreated to a wall upon the rising
ground behind, and throwing down the stones upon them, came on again
singing the paean, and being received by the Athenians, were again
engaged at close quarters. At this moment a Corinthian company
having come to the relief of the left wing, routed and pursued the
Athenian right to the sea, whence they were in their turn driven
back by the Athenians and Carystians from the ships. Meanwhile the
rest of the army on either side fought on tenaciously, especially
the right wing of the Corinthians, where Lycophron sustained the
attack of the Athenian left, which it was feared might attempt the
village of Solygia.
After holding on for a long while without either giving way, the
Athenians aided by their horse, of which the enemy had none, at
length routed the Corinthians, who retired to the hill and, halting,
remained quiet there, without coming down again. It was in this rout
of the right wing that they had the most killed, Lycophron their
general being among the number. The rest of the army, broken and put
to flight in this way without being seriously pursued or hurried,
retired to the high ground and there took up its position. The
Athenians, finding that the enemy no longer offered to engage them,
stripped his dead and took up their own and immediately set up a
trophy. Meanwhile, the half of the Corinthians left at Cenchreae to
guard against the Athenians sailing on Crommyon, although unable to
see the battle for Mount Oneion, found out what was going on by the
dust, and hurried up to the rescue; as did also the older Corinthians
from the town, upon discovering what had occurred. The Athenians
seeing them all coming against them, and thinking that they were
reinforcements arriving from the neighbouring Peloponnesians,
withdrew in haste to their ships with their spoils and their own
dead, except two that they left behind, not being able to find them,
and going on board crossed over to the islands opposite, and from
thence sent a herald, and took up under truce the bodies which they
had left behind. Two hundred and twelve Corinthians fell in the
battle, and rather less than fifty Athenians.
Weighing from the islands, the Athenians sailed the same day to
Crommyon in the Corinthian territory, about thirteen miles from the
city, and coming to anchor laid waste the country, and passed the
night there. The next day, after first coasting along to the territory
of Epidaurus and making a descent there, they came to Methana
between Epidaurus and Troezen, and drew a wall across and fortified
the isthmus of the peninsula, and left a post there from which
incursions were henceforth made upon the country of Troezen, Haliae,
and Epidaurus. After walling off this spot, the fleet sailed off home.
While these events were going on, Eurymedon and Sophocles had put to
sea with the Athenian fleet from Pylos on their way to Sicily and,
arriving at Corcyra, joined the townsmen in an expedition against
the party established on Mount Istone, who had crossed over, as I have
mentioned, after the revolution and become masters of the country,
to the great hurt of the inhabitants. Their stronghold having been
taken by an attack, the garrison took refuge in a body upon some
high ground and there capitulated, agreeing to give up their mercenary
auxiliaries, lay down their arms, and commit themselves to the
discretion of the Athenian people. The generals carried them across
under truce to the island of Ptychia, to be kept in custody until they
could be sent to Athens, upon the understanding that, if any were
caught running away, all would lose the benefit of the treaty.
Meanwhile the leaders of the Corcyraean commons, afraid that the

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