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History of The Peloponnesian War - Book IV   


Eighth and Ninth Years of the War - Invasion
of Boeotia - Fall of Amphipolis - Brilliant
Successes of Brasidas

THE same summer the Mitylenians were about to fortify Antandrus,
as they had intended, when Demodocus and Aristides, the commanders
of the Athenian squadron engaged in levying subsidies, heard on the
Hellespont of what was being done to the place (Lamachus their
colleague having sailed with ten ships into the Pontus) and
conceived fears of its becoming a second Anaia-the place in which
the Samian exiles had established themselves to annoy Samos, helping
the Peloponnesians by sending pilots to their navy, and keeping the
city in agitation and receiving all its outlaws. They accordingly
got together a force from the allies and set sail, defeated in
battle the troops that met them from Antandrus, and retook the
place. Not long after, Lamachus, who had sailed into the Pontus,
lost his ships at anchor in the river Calex, in the territory of
Heraclea, rain having fallen in the interior and the flood coming
suddenly down upon them; and himself and his troops passed by land
through the Bithynian Thracians on the Asiatic side, and arrived at
Chalcedon, the Megarian colony at the mouth of the Pontus.
The same summer the Athenian general, Demosthenes, arrived at
Naupactus with forty ships immediately after the return from the
Megarid. Hippocrates and himself had had overtures made to them by
certain men in the cities in Boeotia, who wished to change the
constitution and introduce a democracy as at Athens; Ptoeodorus, a
Theban exile, being the chief mover in this intrigue. The seaport
town of Siphae, in the bay of Crisae, in the Thespian territory, was
to be betrayed to them by one party; Chaeronea (a dependency of what
was formerly called the Minyan, now the Boeotian, Orchomenus) to be
put into their hands by another from that town, whose exiles were
very active in the business, hiring men in Peloponnese. Some Phocians
also were in the plot, Chaeronea being the frontier town of Boeotia
and close to Phanotis in Phocia. Meanwhile the Athenians were to
seize Delium, the sanctuary of Apollo, in the territory of Tanagra
looking towards Euboea; and all these events were to take place
simultaneously upon a day appointed, in order that the Boeotians
might be unable to unite to oppose them at Delium, being everywhere
detained by disturbances at home. Should the enterprise succeed, and
Delium be fortified, its authors confidently expected that even if no
revolution should immediately follow in Boeotia, yet with these
places in their hands, and the country being harassed by incursions,
and a refuge in each instance near for the partisans engaged in them,
things would not remain as they were, but that the rebels being
supported by the Athenians and the forces of the oligarchs divided,
it would be possible after a while to settle matters according to
their wishes.
Such was the plot in contemplation. Hippocrates with a force
raised at home awaited the proper moment to take the field against the
Boeotians; while he sent on Demosthenes with the forty ships above
mentioned to Naupactus, to raise in those parts an army of Acarnanians
and of the other allies, and sail and receive Siphae from the
conspirators; a day having been agreed on for the simultaneous
execution of both these operations. Demosthenes on his arrival found
Oeniadae already compelled by the united Acarnanians to join the
Athenian confederacy, and himself raising all the allies in those
countries marched against and subdued Salynthius and the Agraeans;
after which he devoted himself to the preparations necessary to enable
him to be at Siphae by the time appointed.
About the same time in the summer, Brasidas set out on his march for
the Thracian places with seventeen hundred heavy infantry, and

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