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History of The Peloponnesian War - Book VIII   

protests and opposition of the Thessalians, forced the Achaeans of
Phthiotis and the other subjects of the Thessalians in those parts
to give him money and hostages, and deposited the hostages at Corinth,
and tried to bring their countrymen into the confederacy. The
Lacedaemonians now issued a requisition to the cities for building a
hundred ships, fixing their own quota and that of the Boeotians at
twenty-five each; that of the Phocians and Locrians together at
fifteen; that of the Corinthians at fifteen; that of the Arcadians,
Pellenians, and Sicyonians together at ten; and that of the Megarians,
Troezenians, Epidaurians, and Hermionians together at ten also; and
meanwhile made every other preparation for commencing hostilities by
the spring.

In the meantime the Athenians were not idle. During this same
winter, as they had determined, they contributed timber and pushed
on their ship-building, and fortified Sunium to enable their
corn-ships to round it in safety, and evacuated the fort in Laconia
which they had built on their way to Sicily; while they also, for
economy, cut down any other expenses that seemed unnecessary, and
above all kept a careful look-out against the revolt of their
While both parties were thus engaged, and were as intent upon
preparing for the war as they had been at the outset, the Euboeans
first of all sent envoys during this winter to Agis to treat of
their revolting from Athens. Agis accepted their proposals, and sent
for Alcamenes, son of Sthenelaidas, and Melanthus from Lacedaemon,
to take the command in Euboea. These accordingly arrived with some
three hundred Neodamodes, and Agis began to arrange for their crossing
over. But in the meanwhile arrived some Lesbians, who also wished to
revolt; and these being supported by the Boeotians, Agis was persuaded
to defer acting in the matter of Euboea, and made arrangements for the
revolt of the Lesbians, giving them Alcamenes, who was to have
sailed to Euboea, as governor, and himself promising them ten ships,
and the Boeotians the same number. All this was done without
instructions from home, as Agis while at Decelea with the army that he
commanded had power to send troops to whatever quarter he pleased, and
to levy men and money. During this period, one might say, the allies
obeyed him much more than they did the Lacedaemonians in the city,
as the force he had with him made him feared at once wherever he went.
While Agis was engaged with the Lesbians, the Chians and
Erythraeans, who were also ready to revolt, applied, not to him but at
Lacedaemon; where they arrived accompanied by an ambassador from
Tissaphernes, the commander of King Darius, son of Artaxerxes, in
the maritime districts, who invited the Peloponnesians to come over,
and promised to maintain their army. The King had lately called upon
him for the tribute from his government, for which he was in
arrears, being unable to raise it from the Hellenic towns by reason of
the Athenians; and he therefore calculated that by weakening the
Athenians he should get the tribute better paid, and should also
draw the Lacedaemonians into alliance with the King; and by this
means, as the King had commanded him, take alive or dead Amorges,
the bastard son of Pissuthnes, who was in rebellion on the coast of
While the Chians and Tissaphernes thus joined to effect the same
object, about the same time Calligeitus, son of Laophon, a Megarian,
and Timagoras, son of Athenagoras, a Cyzicene, both of them exiles
from their country and living at the court of Pharnabazus, son of
Pharnaces, arrived at Lacedaemon upon a mission from Pharnabazus, to
procure a fleet for the Hellespont; by means of which, if possible, he
might himself effect the object of Tissaphernes' ambition and cause
the cities in his government to revolt from the Athenians, and so
get the tribute, and by his own agency obtain for the King the
alliance of the Lacedaemonians.
The emissaries of Pharnabazus and Tissaphernes treating apart, a

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