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History of The Peloponnesian War - Book VIII   


confounded, while the few had so arranged that the council should be
sitting at the time; and after speeches from Chalcideus and Alcibiades
stating that many more ships were sailing up, but saying nothing of
the fleet being blockaded in Spiraeum, the Chians revolted from the
Athenians, and the Erythraeans immediately afterwards. After this
three vessels sailed over to Clazomenae, and made that city revolt
also; and the Clazomenians immediately crossed over to the mainland
and began to fortify Polichna, in order to retreat there, in case of
necessity, from the island where they dwelt.
While the revolted places were all engaged in fortifying and
preparing for the war, news of Chios speedily reached Athens. The
Athenians thought the danger by which they were now menaced great
and unmistakable, and that the rest of their allies would not
consent to keep quiet after the secession of the greatest of their
number. In the consternation of the moment they at once took off the
penalty attaching to whoever proposed or put to the vote a proposal
for using the thousand talents which they had jealously avoided
touching throughout the whole war, and voted to employ them to man a
large number of ships, and to send off at once under Strombichides,
son of Diotimus, the eight vessels, forming part of the blockading
fleet at Spiraeum, which had left the blockade and had returned
after pursuing and failing to overtake the vessels with Chalcideus.
These were to be followed shortly afterwards by twelve more under
Thrasycles, also taken from the blockade. They also recalled the seven
Chian vessels, forming part of their squadron blockading the fleet
in Spiraeum, and giving the slaves on board their liberty, put the
freemen in confinement, and speedily manned and sent out ten fresh
ships to blockade the Peloponnesians in the place of all those that
had departed, and decided to man thirty more. Zeal was not wanting,
and no effort was spared to send relief to Chios.
In the meantime Strombichides with his eight ships arrived at Samos,
and, taking one Samian vessel, sailed to Teos and required them to
remain quiet. Chalcideus also set sail with twenty-three ships for
Teos from Chios, the land forces of the Clazomenians and Erythraeans
moving alongshore to support him. Informed of this in time,
Strombichides put out from Teos before their arrival, and while out at
sea, seeing the number of the ships from Chios, fled towards Samos,
chased by the enemy. The Teians at first would not receive the land
forces, but upon the flight of the Athenians took them into the
town. There they waited for some time for Chalcideus to return from
the pursuit, and as time went on without his appearing, began
themselves to demolish the wall which the Athenians had built on the
land side of the city of the Teians, being assisted by a few of the
barbarians who had come up under the command of Stages, the lieutenant
of Tissaphernes.
Meanwhile Chalcideus and Alcibiades, after chasing Strombichides
into Samos, armed the crews of the ships from Peloponnese and left
them at Chios, and filling their places with substitutes from Chios
and manning twenty others, sailed off to effect the revolt of Miletus.
The wish of Alcibiades, who had friends among the leading men of the
Milesians, was to bring over the town before the arrival of the
ships from Peloponnese, and thus, by causing the revolt of as many
cities as possible with the help of the Chian power and of Chalcideus,
to secure the honour for the Chians and himself and Chalcideus, and,
as he had promised, for Endius who had sent them out. Not discovered
until their voyage was nearly completed, they arrived a little
before Strombichides and Thrasycles (who had just come with twelve
ships from Athens, and had joined Strombichides in pursuing them), and
occasioned the revolt of Miletus. The Athenians sailing up close on
their heels with nineteen ships found Miletus closed against them, and
took up their station at the adjacent island of Lade. The first
alliance between the King and the Lacedaemonians was now concluded
immediately upon the revolt of the Milesians, by Tissaphernes and
Chalcideus, and was as follows:

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