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History of The Peloponnesian War - Book VIII   

The Lacedaemonians and their allies made a treaty with the King
and Tissaphernes upon the terms following:
1. Whatever country or cities the King has, or the King's
ancestors had, shall be the king's: and whatever came in to the
Athenians from these cities, either money or any other thing, the King
and the Lacedaemonians and their allies shall jointly hinder the
Athenians from receiving either money or any other thing.
2. The war with the Athenians shall be carried on jointly by the
King and by the Lacedaemonians and their allies: and it shall not be
lawful to make peace with the Athenians except both agree, the King on
his side and the Lacedaemonians and their allies on theirs.
3. If any revolt from the King, they shall be the enemies of the
Lacedaemonians and their allies. And if any revolt from the
Lacedaemonians and their allies, they shall be the enemies of the King
in like manner.
This was the alliance. After this the Chians immediately manned
ten more vessels and sailed for Anaia, in order to gain intelligence
of those in Miletus, and also to make the cities revolt. A message,
however, reaching them from Chalcideus to tell them to go back
again, and that Amorges was at hand with an army by land, they
sailed to the temple of Zeus, and there sighting ten more ships
sailing up with which Diomedon had started from Athens after
Thrasycles, fled, one ship to Ephesus, the rest to Teos. The Athenians
took four of their ships empty, the men finding time to escape ashore;
the rest took refuge in the city of the Teians; after which the
Athenians sailed off to Samos, while the Chians put to sea with
their remaining vessels, accompanied by the land forces, and caused
Lebedos to revolt, and after it Erae. After this they both returned
home, the fleet and the army.
About the same time the twenty ships of the Peloponnesians in
Spiraeum, which we left chased to land and blockaded by an equal
number of Athenians, suddenly sallied out and defeated the
blockading squadron, took four of their ships, and, sailing back to
Cenchreae, prepared again for the voyage to Chios and Ionia. Here they
were joined by Astyochus as high admiral from Lacedaemon, henceforth
invested with the supreme command at sea. The land forces now
withdrawing from Teos, Tissaphernes repaired thither in person with an
army and completed the demolition of anything that was left of the
wall, and so departed. Not long after his departure Diomedon arrived
with ten Athenian ships, and, having made a convention by which the
Teians admitted him as they had the enemy, coasted along to Erae, and,
failing in an attempt upon the town, sailed back again.
About this time took place the rising of the commons at Samos
against the upper classes, in concert with some Athenians, who were
there in three vessels. The Samian commons put to death some two
hundred in all of the upper classes, and banished four hundred more,
and themselves took their land and houses; after which the Athenians
decreed their independence, being now sure of their fidelity, and
the commons henceforth governed the city, excluding the landholders
from all share in affairs, and forbidding any of the commons to give
his daughter in marriage to them or to take a wife from them in
After this, during the same summer, the Chians, whose zeal continued
as active as ever, and who even without the Peloponnesians found
themselves in sufficient force to effect the revolt of the cities
and also wished to have as many companions in peril as possible,
made an expedition with thirteen ships of their own to Lesbos; the
instructions from Lacedaemon being to go to that island next, and from
thence to the Hellespont. Meanwhile the land forces of the
Peloponnesians who were with the Chians and of the allies on the spot,
moved alongshore for Clazomenae and Cuma, under the command of Eualas,
a Spartan; while the fleet under Diniadas, one of the Perioeci,
first sailed up to Methymna and caused it to revolt, and, leaving four
ships there, with the rest procured the revolt of Mitylene.

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