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History of The Peloponnesian War - Book VIII   


eight days by the winds, and, plundering and consuming all the
property of the Clazomenians there deposited, put the rest on
shipboard and sailed off to Phocaea and Cuma to join Astyochus.
While he was there, envoys arrived from the Lesbians who wished to
revolt again. With Astyochus they were successful; but the Corinthians
and the other allies being averse to it by reason of their former
failure, he weighed anchor and set sail for Chios, where they
eventually arrived from different quarters, the fleet having been
scattered by a storm. After this Pedaritus, whom we left marching
along the coast from Miletus, arrived at Erythrae, and thence
crossed over with his army to Chios, where he found also about five
hundred soldiers who had been left there by Chalcideus from the five
ships with their arms. Meanwhile some Lesbians making offers to
revolt, Astyochus urged upon Pedaritus and the Chians that they
ought to go with their ships and effect the revolt of Lesbos, and so
increase the number of their allies, or, if not successful, at all
events harm the Athenians. The Chians, however, turned a deaf ear to
this, and Pedaritus flatly refused to give up to him the Chian
vessels.
Upon this Astyochus took five Corinthian and one Megarian vessel,
with another from Hermione, and the ships which had come with him from
Laconia, and set sail for Miletus to assume his command as admiral;
after telling the Chians with many threats that he would certainly not
come and help them if they should be in need. At Corycus in the
Erythraeid he brought to for the night; the Athenian armament
sailing from Samos against Chios being only separated from him by a
hill, upon the other side of which it brought to; so that neither
perceived the other. But a letter arriving in the night from Pedaritus
to say that some liberated Erythraean prisoners had come from Samos to
betray Erythrae, Astyochus at once put back to Erythrae, and so just
escaped falling in with the Athenians. Here Pedaritus sailed over to
join him; and after inquiry into the pretended treachery, finding that
the whole story had been made up to procure the escape of the men from
Samos, they acquitted them of the charge, and sailed away, Pedaritus
to Chios and Astyochus to Miletus as he had intended.
Meanwhile the Athenian armament sailing round Corycus fell in with
three Chian men-of-war off Arginus, and gave immediate chase. A
great storm coming on, the Chians with difficulty took refuge in the
harbour; the three Athenian vessels most forward in the pursuit
being wrecked and thrown up near the city of Chios, and the crews
slain or taken prisoners. The rest of the Athenian fleet took refuge
in the harbour called Phoenicus, under Mount Mimas, and from thence
afterwards put into Lesbos and prepared for the work of fortification.
The same winter the Lacedaemonian Hippocrates sailed out from
Peloponnese with ten Thurian ships under the command of Dorieus, son
of Diagoras, and two colleagues, one Laconian and one Syracusan
vessel, and arrived at Cnidus, which had already revolted at the
instigation of Tissaphernes. When their arrival was known at
Miletus, orders came to them to leave half their squadron to guard
Cnidus, and with the rest to cruise round Triopium and seize all the
merchantmen arriving from Egypt. Triopium is a promontory of Cnidus
and sacred to Apollo. This coming to the knowledge of the Athenians,
they sailed from Samos and captured the six ships on the watch at
Triopium, the crews escaping out of them. After this the Athenians
sailed into Cnidus and made an assault upon the town, which was
unfortified, and all but took it; and the next day assaulted it again,
but with less effect, as the inhabitants had improved their defences
during the night, and had been reinforced by the crews escaped from
the ships at Triopium. The Athenians now withdrew, and after
plundering the Cnidian territory sailed back to Samos.
About the same time Astyochus came to the fleet at Miletus. The
Peloponnesian camp was still plentifully supplied, being in receipt of
sufficient pay, and the soldiers having still in hand the large
booty taken at Iasus. The Milesians also showed great ardour for the

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