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History of The Peloponnesian War - Book VIII   


war. Nevertheless the Peloponnesians thought the first convention with
Tissaphernes, made with Chalcideus, defective, and more advantageous
to him than to them, and consequently while Therimenes was still there
concluded another, which was as follows:
The convention of the Lacedaemonians and the allies with King
Darius and the sons of the King, and with Tissaphernes for a treaty
and friendship, as follows:
1. Neither the Lacedaemonians nor the allies of the Lacedaemonians
shall make war against or otherwise injure any country or cities
that belong to King Darius or did belong to his father or to his
ancestors; neither shall the Lacedaemonians nor the allies of the
Lacedaemonians exact tribute from such cities. Neither shall King
Darius nor any of the subjects of the King make war against or
otherwise injure the Lacedaemonians or their allies.
2. If the Lacedaemonians or their allies should require any
assistance from the King, or the King from the Lacedaemonians or their
allies, whatever they both agree upon they shall be right in doing.
3. Both shall carry on jointly the war against the Athenians and
their allies: and if they make peace, both shall do so jointly.
4. The expense of all troops in the King's country, sent for by
the King, shall be borne by the King.
5. If any of the states comprised in this convention with the King
attack the King's country, the rest shall stop them and aid the King
to the best of their power. And if any in the King's country or in the
countries under the King's rule attack the country of the
Lacedaemonians or their allies, the King shall stop it and help them
to the best of his power.
After this convention Therimenes handed over the fleet to Astyochus,
sailed off in a small boat, and was lost. The Athenian armament had
now crossed over from Lesbos to Chios, and being master by sea and
land began to fortify Delphinium, a place naturally strong on the land
side, provided with more than one harbour, and also not far from the
city of Chios. Meanwhile the Chians remained inactive. Already
defeated in so many battles, they were now also at discord among
themselves; the execution of the party of Tydeus, son of Ion, by
Pedaritus upon the charge of Atticism, followed by the forcible
imposition of an oligarchy upon the rest of the city, having made them
suspicious of one another; and they therefore thought neither
themselves not the mercenaries under Pedaritus a match for the
enemy. They sent, however, to Miletus to beg Astyochus to assist them,
which he refused to do, and was accordingly denounced at Lacedaemon by
Pedaritus as a traitor. Such was the state of the Athenian affairs
at Chios; while their fleet at Samos kept sailing out against the
enemy in Miletus, until they found that he would not accept their
challenge, and then retired again to Samos and remained quiet.
In the same winter the twenty-seven ships equipped by the
Lacedaemonians for Pharnabazus through the agency of the Megarian
Calligeitus, and the Cyzicene Timagoras, put out from Peloponnese
and sailed for Ionia about the time of the solstice, under the command
of Antisthenes, a Spartan. With them the Lacedaemonians also sent
eleven Spartans as advisers to Astyochus; Lichas, son of Arcesilaus,
being among the number. Arrived at Miletus, their orders were to aid
in generally superintending the good conduct of the war; to send off
the above ships or a greater or less number to the Hellespont to
Pharnabazus, if they thought proper, appointing Clearchus, son of
Ramphias, who sailed with them, to the command; and further, if they
thought proper, to make Antisthenes admiral, dismissing Astyochus,
whom the letters of Pedaritus had caused to be regarded with
suspicion. Sailing accordingly from Malea across the open sea, the
squadron touched at Melos and there fell in with ten Athenian ships,
three of which they took empty and burned. After this, being afraid
that the Athenian vessels escaped from Melos might, as they in fact
did, give information of their approach to the Athenians at Samos,
they sailed to Crete, and having lengthened their voyage by way of

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