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History of The Peloponnesian War - Book VIII   


was the only resource left, they took counsel of their fears, and
promised themselves some day to change the government again, and
gave way. They accordingly voted that Pisander should sail with ten
others and make the best arrangement that they could with Tissaphernes
and Alcibiades. At the same time the people, upon a false accusation
of Pisander, dismissed Phrynichus from his post together with his
colleague Scironides, sending Diomedon and Leon to replace them in the
command of the fleet. The accusation was that Phrynichus had
betrayed Iasus and Amorges; and Pisander brought it because he thought
him a man unfit for the business now in hand with Alcibiades. Pisander
also went the round of all the clubs already existing in the city
for help in lawsuits and elections, and urged them to draw together
and to unite their efforts for the overthrow of the democracy; and
after taking all other measures required by the circumstances, so that
no time might be lost, set off with his ten companions on his voyage
to Tissaphernes.
In the same winter Leon and Diomedon, who had by this time joined
the fleet, made an attack upon Rhodes. The ships of the Peloponnesians
they found hauled up on shore, and, after making a descent upon the
coast and defeating the Rhodians who appeared in the field against
them, withdrew to Chalce and made that place their base of
operations instead of Cos, as they could better observe from thence if
the Peloponnesian fleet put out to sea. Meanwhile Xenophantes, a
Laconian, came to Rhodes from Pedaritus at Chios, with the news that
the fortification of the Athenians was now finished, and that,
unless the whole Peloponnesian fleet came to the rescue, the cause
in Chios must be lost. Upon this they resolved to go to his relief. In
the meantime Pedaritus, with the mercenaries that he had with him
and the whole force of the Chians, made an assault upon the work round
the Athenian ships and took a portion of it, and got possession of
some vessels that were hauled up on shore, when the Athenians
sallied out to the rescue, and first routing the Chians, next defeated
the remainder of the force round Pedaritus, who was himself killed,
with many of the Chians, a great number of arms being also taken.
After this the Chians were besieged even more straitly than before
by land and sea, and the famine in the place was great. Meanwhile
the Athenian envoys with Pisander arrived at the court of
Tissaphernes, and conferred with him about the proposed agreement.
However, Alcibiades, not being altogether sure of Tissaphernes (who
feared the Peloponnesians more than the Athenians, and besides
wished to wear out both parties, as Alcibiades himself had
recommended), had recourse to the following stratagem to make the
treaty between the Athenians and Tissaphernes miscarry by reason of
the magnitude of his demands. In my opinion Tissaphernes desired
this result, fear being his motive; while Alcibiades, who now saw that
Tissaphernes was determined not to treat on any terms, wished the
Athenians to think, not that he was unable to persuade Tissaphernes,
but that after the latter had been persuaded and was willing to join
them, they had not conceded enough to him. For the demands of
Alcibiades, speaking for Tissaphernes, who was present, were so
extravagant that the Athenians, although for a long while they
agreed to whatever he asked, yet had to bear the blame of failure:
he required the cession of the whole of Ionia, next of the islands
adjacent, besides other concessions, and these passed without
opposition; at last, in the third interview, Alcibiades, who now
feared a complete discovery of his inability, required them to allow
the King to build ships and sail along his own coast wherever and with
as many as he pleased. Upon this the Athenians would yield no further,
and concluding that there was nothing to be done, but that they had
been deceived by Alcibiades, went away in a passion and proceeded to
Samos.
Tissaphernes immediately after this, in the same winter, proceeded
along shore to Caunus, desiring to bring the Peloponnesian fleet
back to Miletus, and to supply them with pay, making a fresh

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