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History of The Peloponnesian War - Book VIII   


convention upon such terms as he could get, in order not to bring
matters to an absolute breach between them. He was afraid that if many
of their ships were left without pay they would be compelled to engage
and be defeated, or that their vessels being left without hands the
Athenians would attain their objects without his assistance. Still
more he feared that the Peloponnesians might ravage the continent in
search of supplies. Having calculated and considered all this,
agreeably to his plan of keeping the two sides equal, he now sent
for the Peloponnesians and gave them pay, and concluded with them a
third treaty in words following:
In the thirteenth year of the reign of Darius, while Alexippidas
was ephor at Lacedaemon, a convention was concluded in the plain of
the Maeander by the Lacedaemonians and their allies with Tissaphernes,
Hieramenes, and the sons of Pharnaces, concerning the affairs of the
King and of the Lacedaemonians and their allies.
1. The country of the King in Asia shall be the King's, and the
King shall treat his own country as he pleases.
2. The Lacedaemonians and their allies shall not invade or
injure the King's country: neither shall the King invade or injure
that of the Lacedaemonians or of their allies. If any of the
Lacedaemonians or of their allies invade or injure the King's country,
the Lacedaemonians and their allies shall prevent it: and if any
from the King's country invade or injure the country of the
Lacedaemonians or of their allies, the King shall prevent it.
3. Tissaphernes shall provide pay for the ships now present,
according to the agreement, until the arrival of the King's vessels:
but after the arrival of the King's vessels the Lacedaemonians and
their allies may pay their own ships if they wish it. If, however,
they choose to receive the pay from Tissaphernes, Tissaphernes shall
furnish it: and the Lacedaemonians and their allies shall repay him at
the end of the war such moneys as they shall have received.
4. After the vessels have arrived, the ships of the Lacedaemonians
and of their allies and those of the King shall carry on the war
jointly, according as Tissaphernes and the Lacedaemonians and their
allies shall think best. If they wish to make peace with the
Athenians, they shall make peace also jointly.

This was the treaty. After this Tissaphernes prepared to bring up
the Phoenician fleet according to agreement, and to make good his
other promises, or at all events wished to make it appear that he
was so preparing.
Winter was now drawing towards its close, when the Boeotians took
Oropus by treachery, though held by an Athenian garrison. Their
accomplices in this were some of the Eretrians and of the Oropians
themselves, who were plotting the revolt of Euboea, as the place was
exactly opposite Eretria, and while in Athenian hands was
necessarily a source of great annoyance to Eretria and the rest of
Euboea. Oropus being in their hands, the Eretrians now came to
Rhodes to invite the Peloponnesians into Euboea. The latter,
however, were rather bent on the relief of the distressed Chians,
and accordingly put out to sea and sailed with all their ships from
Rhodes. Off Triopium they sighted the Athenian fleet out at sea
sailing from Chalce, and, neither attacking the other, arrived, the
latter at Samos, the Peloponnesians at Miletus, seeing that it was
no longer possible to relieve Chios without a battle. And this
winter ended, and with it ended the twentieth year of this war of
which Thucydides is the historian.
Early in the spring of the summer following, Dercyllidas, a Spartan,
was sent with a small force by land to the Hellespont to effect the
revolt of Abydos, which is a Milesian colony; and the Chians, while
Astyochus was at a loss how to help them, were compelled to fight at
sea by the pressure of the siege. While Astyochus was still at
Rhodes they had received from Miletus, as their commander after the
death of Pedaritus, a Spartan named Leon, who had come out with

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