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History of The Peloponnesian War - Book VIII   


Thrasybulus on the right, on account of the number of ships
attacking him, or by that of Thrasyllus on the left, from whom the
point of Cynossema hid what was going on, and who was also hindered by
his Syracusan and other opponents, whose numbers were fully equal to
his own. At length, however, the Peloponnesians in the confidence of
victory began to scatter in pursuit of the ships of the enemy, and
allowed a considerable part of their fleet to get into disorder. On
seeing this the squadron of Thrasybulus discontinued their lateral
movement and, facing about, attacked and routed the ships opposed to
them, and next fell roughly upon the scattered vessels of the
victorious Peloponnesian division, and put most of them to flight
without a blow. The Syracusans also had by this time given way
before the squadron of Thrasyllus, and now openly took to flight
upon seeing the flight of their comrades.
The rout was now complete. Most of the Peloponnesians fled for
refuge first to the river Midius, and afterwards to Abydos. Only a few
ships were taken by the Athenians; as owing to the narrowness of the
Hellespont the enemy had not far to go to be in safety. Nevertheless
nothing could have been more opportune for them than this victory.
Up to this time they had feared the Peloponnesian fleet, owing to a
number of petty losses and to the disaster in Sicily; but they now
ceased to mistrust themselves or any longer to think their enemies
good for anything at sea. Meanwhile they took from the enemy eight
Chian vessels, five Corinthian, two Ambraciot, two Boeotian, one
Leucadian, Lacedaemonian, Syracusan, and Pellenian, losing fifteen
of their own. After setting up a trophy upon Point Cynossema, securing
the wrecks, and restoring to the enemy his dead under truce, they sent
off a galley to Athens with the news of their victory. The arrival
of this vessel with its unhoped-for good news, after the recent
disasters of Euboea, and in the revolution at Athens, gave fresh
courage to the Athenians, and caused them to believe that if they
put their shoulders to the wheel their cause might yet prevail.
On the fourth day after the sea-fight the Athenians in Sestos having
hastily refitted their ships sailed against Cyzicus, which had
revolted. Off Harpagium and Priapus they sighted at anchor the eight
vessels from Byzantium, and, sailing up and routing the troops on
shore, took the ships, and then went on and recovered the town of
Cyzicus, which was unfortified, and levied money from the citizens. In
the meantime the Peloponnesians sailed from Abydos to Elaeus, and
recovered such of their captured galleys as were still uninjured,
the rest having been burned by the Elaeusians, and sent Hippocrates
and Epicles to Euboea to fetch the squadron from that island.
About the same time Alcibiades returned with his thirteen ships from
Caunus and Phaselis to Samos, bringing word that he had prevented
the Phoenician fleet from joining the Peloponnesians, and had made
Tissaphernes more friendly to the Athenians than before. Alcibiades
now manned nine more ships, and levied large sums of money from the
Halicarnassians, and fortified Cos. After doing this and placing a
governor in Cos, he sailed back to Samos, autumn being now at hand.
Meanwhile Tissaphernes, upon hearing that the Peloponnesian fleet
had sailed from Miletus to the Hellespont, set off again back from
Aspendus, and made all sail for Ionia. While the Peloponnesians were
in the Hellespont, the Antandrians, a people of Aeolic extraction,
conveyed by land across Mount Ida some heavy infantry from Abydos, and
introduced them into the town; having been ill-treated by Arsaces, the
Persian lieutenant of Tissaphernes. This same Arsaces had, upon
pretence of a secret quarrel, invited the chief men of the Delians
to undertake military service (these were Delians who had settled at
Atramyttium after having been driven from their homes by the Athenians
for the sake of purifying Delos); and after drawing them out from
their town as his friends and allies, had laid wait for them at
dinner, and surrounded them and caused them to be shot down by his
soldiers. This deed made the Antandrians fear that he might some day
do them some mischief; and as he also laid upon them burdens too heavy

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